TLC and GC analysis of the essential oils of Stachys species

Erzsébet Háznagy-Radnai, Szilvia Czigle, Imre Máthé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Species of the Lamioideae subfamily of the family Lamiaceae, including Stachys species, do not contain much essential oil. The first stage of studying the volatile components of Stachys species was characterization of n-hexane extracts by TLC, with sabinene, limonene, linalool, and β-caryophyllene as test materials. On the basis of these results we then studied the volatile compounds by use of GC-FID and GC-MS. By examination of the TLC plates, use of Kováts retention indices, and MS library search we identified components of essential oil fractions obtained from Stachys officinalis II. (L.) Trev., Stachys alpina L., Stachys macrantha (Koch) Stearn, Stachys palustris L., Stachys recta L. subsp. recta, and Stachys annua L. (from Vácrá tót) by vapor distillation in accordance with Hungarian Pharmacopoeia VII.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2007



  • Essential oils
  • GC-FID
  • GC-MS
  • Stachys species
  • TLC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this