Titania-sepiolite nanocomposites prepared by a surfactant templating colloidal route

Pilar Aranda, Robert Kun, M. Angeles Martín-Luengo, Sadok Letaïef, Imre Dékány, Eduardo Ruiz-Hitzky

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Abstract

Microfibrous TiO2-sepiolite and TiO2/SiO 2-sepiolite nanocomposites were prepared following a colloidal route based on the controlled hydrolysis of alkoxides in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium-sepiolite gel. In this way, titanium(IV) isopropoxide and tetramethoxysilane were used as titania and silica precursors, respectively, being incorporated within the organophilic layer developed on the surface of the silicate microfibers and further hydrolyzed in this region. The hydrolysis of the precursor gives highly viscous colloidal systems leading to a spontaneous heterocoagulation process of the colloidal system. Drying and thermal treatments of the resulting gels ensure the elimination of water and organic matter, driving to the formation of TiO2 nanoparticles homogeneously distributed on the surface of the sepiolite microfibers. The nanocomposites were characterized by chemical analyses, transmission electron microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric/ differential thermal analysis, and N2 adsorption. They were tested as photocatalysts in the photo-oxidation of phenol in an aqueous medium, showing the efficiency of the anatase containing nanocomposites in the removal of this selected pollutant model molecule. Thiourea was incorporated to increase the TiO2 anatase phase stability, improving in this manner the photocatalytic activity of the TiO2-sepiolite nanocomposites. It has been shown that sepiolite has a positive synergistic effect on the TiO 2 photocatalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-91
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 8 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Aranda, P., Kun, R., Martín-Luengo, M. A., Letaïef, S., Dékány, I., & Ruiz-Hitzky, E. (2008). Titania-sepiolite nanocomposites prepared by a surfactant templating colloidal route. Chemistry of Materials, 20(1), 84-91. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm702251f