The molecular basis of the differential expression of the GM7-type metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitor (MCPI) genes in tuberizing (StMCPI) and non-tuberizing Solanum species (SbMCPI) was investigated. It was shown that the StMCPI is encoded by a gene family in Solanum tuberosum (potato), but SbMCPI might be a single-copy gene in the non-tuberizing species Solanum brevidens. The StMCPI promoter shows evolutionary relatedness to the S. brevidens-derived SbMCPI and to the fruit-specific tomato promoter 2A11. Both StMCPI and SbMCPI promoter regions were able to confer tuber- and berry-specific expression for the β-glucuronidase reporter gene in potato suggesting that the difference in MCPI gene expression is in trans regulatory factors between the tuberizing and the non-tuberizing Solanum species. The MCPI promoters did not respond to metabolic, environmental or hormonal signals in leaves. Thus, the MCPI genes are regulated in a different way than the other known tuber-specific genes and potentially are suitable for biotechnological application in potato to provide specific transgene expression in tuber and berry.
- Metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitor
- Organ-specific gene expression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Plant Science