TiO₂/Ag-TiO₂ Nanohybrid Films are Cytocompatible with Primary Epithelial Cells of Human Origin: An In Vitro Study

Roland Masa, Ágota Deák, Gábor Braunitzer, Z. Tóth, Judit Kopniczky, István Pelsőczi-Kovács, Krisztina Ungvári, I. Dékány, Kinga Turzó

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Abstract

Failure of dental implants is caused mainly by peri-implant infections resulting in loss of supporting bone. Since there is no ideal therapy of peri-implantitis, the focus of research has been shifted toward better prevention and the development of antibacterial surfaces. In our study we examined the attachment and proliferation of primary epithelial and MG-63 osteosarcoma cells on Ti dental implants coated with photocatalytic nanohybrid films. Two polyacrylate resin based layers were investigated on commercially pure (CP4) Ti discs: 60 wt% TiO2/40 wt% copolymer and 60 wt% Ag-TiO2/40 wt% copolymer ([Ag] = 0,001 wt%). Surface properties were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and profilometry. Cell responses were investigated via dimethylthiazol-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and visualized with fluorescence microscopy. Profilometry revealed significant changes in surface roughness of TiO2 (Ra = 1.79 μm) and Ag-TiO2 layers (Ra = 5.76 μm) compared to the polished (Ra(P) = 0.13 μm) and sandblasted, acid-etched control surfaces (Ra(SA) = 1.26 μm). MTT results demonstrated that the attachment (24 h) of epithelial cells was significantly higher on the Ag-TiO2 coated samples (OD540 = 0.079) than on the polished control surfaces (OD540 = 0.046), whereas MG-63 cells did not show any difference in attachment between the groups. After one week, epithelial cells showed slightly increased survival as compared to MG-63 cells. The results suggest that the tested coatings are cytocompatible with epithelial cells, which means that they are not only antibacterial, but they also appear to be promising candidates for implantological use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3916-3924
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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