Timing of oocyte activation, pronucleus formation and cleavage in humans after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with testicular spermatozoa and after ICSI or in-vitro fertilization on sibling oocytes with ejaculated spermatozoa

P. Nagy, Cecile Janssenswillen, Ronny Janssens, Anick De Vos, Cathérine Staessen, Hilde Van de Velde, André C. Van Steirteghem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In the first study, we evaluated 101 oocytes [2, 4, 6, 8, 16, 18 and 20 h after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)] that had been microinjected with testicular spermatozoa. Of the 70 normally fertilized oocytes (69%) 30 (43%) had two pronuclei by 6 h after ICSI. Fifty-one (73%) by 8 h, 69 (99%) by 16 h and four of them by 20 h cleaved to the 2-cell stage. In the second study, 95 cumulus-corona-oocyte complexes (CCOC) were divided into two groups. Forty-seven CCOC were inseminated by conventional in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and 40 metaphase-II oocytes by ICSI. Oocytes were evaluated at 2, 4, 6 (only after ICSI), 8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28 and 30 h after both ICSI and IVF. After IVF, 35 oocytes were fertilized normally (75%), four of which (11%) had two pronuclei by 8 h, 11 (31%) by to h, 27 (77%) by 12 h and 35 (100%) by 14 h. The first cleavages had occurred by 24 h after insemination (four oocytes, 11%). After ICSI, 34 oocytes were fertilized normally (79%), 13 of which (38%) had two pronuclei by 6 h, 27 (79%) by 8 h and 32 (94%) by 10 h. Three oocytes cleaved by 20 h after microinjection (9%) and 19 by 24 h (56%). Pronuclei developed asynchronously in six oocytes after ICSI (18%) as opposed to 16 oocytes after IVF (46%). The results of this study suggest that the timing of pronuclear formation is no different when a testicular spermatozoon is microinjected into the oocytes from when an ejaculated spermatozoon is injected. Secondly, pronuclear development and first cleavage generally take place 4 h sooner after ICSI than after IVF. On the other hand, a higher proportion of oocytes develop two pronuclei asynchronously after IVF than after ICSI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1606-1612
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Reproduction
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injections
Fertilization in Vitro
Oocytes
Spermatozoa
Insemination
Microinjections
Metaphase

Keywords

  • Ejaculated spermatozoa
  • ICSI
  • IVF
  • Pronucleus
  • Testicular spermatozoa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine

Cite this

Timing of oocyte activation, pronucleus formation and cleavage in humans after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with testicular spermatozoa and after ICSI or in-vitro fertilization on sibling oocytes with ejaculated spermatozoa. / Nagy, P.; Janssenswillen, Cecile; Janssens, Ronny; De Vos, Anick; Staessen, Cathérine; Van de Velde, Hilde; Van Steirteghem, André C.

In: Human Reproduction, Vol. 13, No. 6, 1998, p. 1606-1612.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nagy, P. ; Janssenswillen, Cecile ; Janssens, Ronny ; De Vos, Anick ; Staessen, Cathérine ; Van de Velde, Hilde ; Van Steirteghem, André C. / Timing of oocyte activation, pronucleus formation and cleavage in humans after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with testicular spermatozoa and after ICSI or in-vitro fertilization on sibling oocytes with ejaculated spermatozoa. In: Human Reproduction. 1998 ; Vol. 13, No. 6. pp. 1606-1612.
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abstract = "In the first study, we evaluated 101 oocytes [2, 4, 6, 8, 16, 18 and 20 h after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)] that had been microinjected with testicular spermatozoa. Of the 70 normally fertilized oocytes (69{\%}) 30 (43{\%}) had two pronuclei by 6 h after ICSI. Fifty-one (73{\%}) by 8 h, 69 (99{\%}) by 16 h and four of them by 20 h cleaved to the 2-cell stage. In the second study, 95 cumulus-corona-oocyte complexes (CCOC) were divided into two groups. Forty-seven CCOC were inseminated by conventional in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and 40 metaphase-II oocytes by ICSI. Oocytes were evaluated at 2, 4, 6 (only after ICSI), 8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28 and 30 h after both ICSI and IVF. After IVF, 35 oocytes were fertilized normally (75{\%}), four of which (11{\%}) had two pronuclei by 8 h, 11 (31{\%}) by to h, 27 (77{\%}) by 12 h and 35 (100{\%}) by 14 h. The first cleavages had occurred by 24 h after insemination (four oocytes, 11{\%}). After ICSI, 34 oocytes were fertilized normally (79{\%}), 13 of which (38{\%}) had two pronuclei by 6 h, 27 (79{\%}) by 8 h and 32 (94{\%}) by 10 h. Three oocytes cleaved by 20 h after microinjection (9{\%}) and 19 by 24 h (56{\%}). Pronuclei developed asynchronously in six oocytes after ICSI (18{\%}) as opposed to 16 oocytes after IVF (46{\%}). The results of this study suggest that the timing of pronuclear formation is no different when a testicular spermatozoon is microinjected into the oocytes from when an ejaculated spermatozoon is injected. Secondly, pronuclear development and first cleavage generally take place 4 h sooner after ICSI than after IVF. On the other hand, a higher proportion of oocytes develop two pronuclei asynchronously after IVF than after ICSI.",
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AU - Nagy, P.

AU - Janssenswillen, Cecile

AU - Janssens, Ronny

AU - De Vos, Anick

AU - Staessen, Cathérine

AU - Van de Velde, Hilde

AU - Van Steirteghem, André C.

PY - 1998

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N2 - In the first study, we evaluated 101 oocytes [2, 4, 6, 8, 16, 18 and 20 h after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)] that had been microinjected with testicular spermatozoa. Of the 70 normally fertilized oocytes (69%) 30 (43%) had two pronuclei by 6 h after ICSI. Fifty-one (73%) by 8 h, 69 (99%) by 16 h and four of them by 20 h cleaved to the 2-cell stage. In the second study, 95 cumulus-corona-oocyte complexes (CCOC) were divided into two groups. Forty-seven CCOC were inseminated by conventional in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and 40 metaphase-II oocytes by ICSI. Oocytes were evaluated at 2, 4, 6 (only after ICSI), 8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28 and 30 h after both ICSI and IVF. After IVF, 35 oocytes were fertilized normally (75%), four of which (11%) had two pronuclei by 8 h, 11 (31%) by to h, 27 (77%) by 12 h and 35 (100%) by 14 h. The first cleavages had occurred by 24 h after insemination (four oocytes, 11%). After ICSI, 34 oocytes were fertilized normally (79%), 13 of which (38%) had two pronuclei by 6 h, 27 (79%) by 8 h and 32 (94%) by 10 h. Three oocytes cleaved by 20 h after microinjection (9%) and 19 by 24 h (56%). Pronuclei developed asynchronously in six oocytes after ICSI (18%) as opposed to 16 oocytes after IVF (46%). The results of this study suggest that the timing of pronuclear formation is no different when a testicular spermatozoon is microinjected into the oocytes from when an ejaculated spermatozoon is injected. Secondly, pronuclear development and first cleavage generally take place 4 h sooner after ICSI than after IVF. On the other hand, a higher proportion of oocytes develop two pronuclei asynchronously after IVF than after ICSI.

AB - In the first study, we evaluated 101 oocytes [2, 4, 6, 8, 16, 18 and 20 h after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)] that had been microinjected with testicular spermatozoa. Of the 70 normally fertilized oocytes (69%) 30 (43%) had two pronuclei by 6 h after ICSI. Fifty-one (73%) by 8 h, 69 (99%) by 16 h and four of them by 20 h cleaved to the 2-cell stage. In the second study, 95 cumulus-corona-oocyte complexes (CCOC) were divided into two groups. Forty-seven CCOC were inseminated by conventional in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and 40 metaphase-II oocytes by ICSI. Oocytes were evaluated at 2, 4, 6 (only after ICSI), 8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28 and 30 h after both ICSI and IVF. After IVF, 35 oocytes were fertilized normally (75%), four of which (11%) had two pronuclei by 8 h, 11 (31%) by to h, 27 (77%) by 12 h and 35 (100%) by 14 h. The first cleavages had occurred by 24 h after insemination (four oocytes, 11%). After ICSI, 34 oocytes were fertilized normally (79%), 13 of which (38%) had two pronuclei by 6 h, 27 (79%) by 8 h and 32 (94%) by 10 h. Three oocytes cleaved by 20 h after microinjection (9%) and 19 by 24 h (56%). Pronuclei developed asynchronously in six oocytes after ICSI (18%) as opposed to 16 oocytes after IVF (46%). The results of this study suggest that the timing of pronuclear formation is no different when a testicular spermatozoon is microinjected into the oocytes from when an ejaculated spermatozoon is injected. Secondly, pronuclear development and first cleavage generally take place 4 h sooner after ICSI than after IVF. On the other hand, a higher proportion of oocytes develop two pronuclei asynchronously after IVF than after ICSI.

KW - Ejaculated spermatozoa

KW - ICSI

KW - IVF

KW - Pronucleus

KW - Testicular spermatozoa

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