Time dependency of the laser-induced nanostructuring process of chromium layers with different thicknesses on fused silica

P. Lorenz, M. Klöppel, T. Smausz, T. Csizmadia, M. Ehrhardt, K. Zimmer, B. Hopp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanostructures exhibit a raised importance in manifold application fields like electronics and optics. The laser irradiation of thin metal layers allows the fabrication of metal nanostructures induced by a melting and deformation process where the resultant structures are dependent on the laser and metal layer parameters. However, for an optimization of this process a detailed physical understanding is necessary. Therefore, the dynamics of the metal layer deformation process was measured by time-dependent reflection and transmission as well as shadow graph measurements at different KrF excimer laser parameters (laser fluence and number of laser pulses) and metal layer thicknesses were used. Magnetron-sputtered thin chromium films with a thickness from 10 to 100 nm on fused silica substrates were studied. Based on the optical measurements the liquid phase lifetime of the metal was estimated and compared with the calculated lifetime using a simple thermodynamic model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-181
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume336
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Chromium
  • Droplet formation
  • Excimer laser
  • Fused silica
  • Metal layer
  • Nanostructuring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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