Tight co-twin similarity of monozygotic twins for hTERT protein level of T cell subsets, for telomere length and mitochondrial DNA copy number, but not for telomerase activity

Dóra Melicher, Anett Illés, Éva Pállinger, Árpád Ferenc Kovács, Levente Littvay, Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki, Dávid László Tárnoki, András Bikov, Mária Judit Molnár, Edit Irén Buzás, András Falus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our study analyzed lymphocyte subpopulations of 32 monozygotic twins and compared the level of the catalytic reverse transcriptase protein subunit (hTERT) in T lymphocytes (Tly), helper- (Th), cytotoxic- (Tc) and regulatory T cell (Treg) subgroups. Four variables related to telomere and mitochondrial biology were simultaneously assessed, applying multi-parametric flow cytometry, TRAP-ELISA assay and qPCR standard curve method on peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples of genetically matched individuals. Twin data of telomerase activity (TA), hTERT protein level, telomere length (TL) and mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) were analyzed for co-twin similarity. The present study has provided novel information by demonstrating very high intraclass correlation (ICC) of hTERT protein level in T lymphocytes (0.891) and in both Th (0.896), Treg (0.885) and Tc (0.798) cell subgroups. When comparing results measured from PBMCs, intraclass correlation was also high for telomere length (0.815) and considerable for mtDNA copy number (0.524), and again exceptionally high for the rate-limiting telomerase subunit, hTERT protein level (0.946). In contrast, telomerase activity showed no co-twin similarity (ICC 0). By comparing relative amounts of hTERT protein levels in different lymphocyte subgroups of twin subjects, in Treg cells significantly higher level could be detected compared to Tly, Th or Tc cell subgroups. This is the first study that simultaneously analyzed co-twin similarity in MZ twins for the above four variables and alongside assessed their relationship, whereby positive association was found between TL and mtDNAcn.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2447-2456
Number of pages10
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume75
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018

Keywords

  • Epigenetics
  • Mitochondrial DNA copy number
  • Regulatory T cells
  • T Lymphocytes
  • Telomerase activity
  • Telomere length
  • Telomere-independent functions of telomerase
  • Twin studies
  • hTERT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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