Thirteen-year trends in dietary patterns among Japanese adults in the national health and nutrition survey 2003-2015: Continuous westernization of the Japanese diet

Kentaro Murakami, B. Livingstone, Satoshi Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined 13-year trends in dietary patterns, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan 2003–2015. In repeated, independent cross-sectional studies, dietary intake was assessed with a one-day weighed dietary record in 88,527 Japanese adults aged ≥20 years. Using principal component analysis based on the daily consumption of 31 food groups, we identified three dietary patterns, the “plant food and fish”, “bread and dairy”, and “animal food and oil” patterns. In the whole sample, the “plant food and fish” pattern score decreased while the “bread and dairy” and “animal food and oil” pattern scores increased. The decreasing trends in the “plant food and fish” pattern were observed in all subgroups considered. The increasing trends in the “bread and dairy” pattern were similar across sexes and by current smoking status. However, in terms of age, occupation, and weight status, the increasing trends were only evident in particular subgroups (i.e., age 50–64 and ≥65 years; security/transportation/labor occupation and non worker; and normal weight and overweight participants). For the “animal food and oil” pattern, the increasing trends were observed in all subgroups, except for the youngest age group (20–34 years old). This study suggests continuous Westernization of the Japanese diet.

Original languageEnglish
Article number994
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018

Fingerprint

national surveys
Nutrition Surveys
food plants
Health Surveys
eating habits
Edible Plants
breads
Bread
Diet
Food
oils
Oils
Fishes
dairy products
fish
Occupations
diet
smoking (food products)
food groups
food animals

Keywords

  • Dietary patterns
  • Food consumption patterns
  • National survey
  • Principal component analysis
  • Trend analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Thirteen-year trends in dietary patterns among Japanese adults in the national health and nutrition survey 2003-2015 : Continuous westernization of the Japanese diet. / Murakami, Kentaro; Livingstone, B.; Sasaki, Satoshi.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 10, No. 8, 994, 01.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9c267ba2dcdc4134b29b6fe946cc7f7f,
title = "Thirteen-year trends in dietary patterns among Japanese adults in the national health and nutrition survey 2003-2015: Continuous westernization of the Japanese diet",
abstract = "We examined 13-year trends in dietary patterns, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan 2003–2015. In repeated, independent cross-sectional studies, dietary intake was assessed with a one-day weighed dietary record in 88,527 Japanese adults aged ≥20 years. Using principal component analysis based on the daily consumption of 31 food groups, we identified three dietary patterns, the “plant food and fish”, “bread and dairy”, and “animal food and oil” patterns. In the whole sample, the “plant food and fish” pattern score decreased while the “bread and dairy” and “animal food and oil” pattern scores increased. The decreasing trends in the “plant food and fish” pattern were observed in all subgroups considered. The increasing trends in the “bread and dairy” pattern were similar across sexes and by current smoking status. However, in terms of age, occupation, and weight status, the increasing trends were only evident in particular subgroups (i.e., age 50–64 and ≥65 years; security/transportation/labor occupation and non worker; and normal weight and overweight participants). For the “animal food and oil” pattern, the increasing trends were observed in all subgroups, except for the youngest age group (20–34 years old). This study suggests continuous Westernization of the Japanese diet.",
keywords = "Dietary patterns, Food consumption patterns, National survey, Principal component analysis, Trend analysis",
author = "Kentaro Murakami and B. Livingstone and Satoshi Sasaki",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/nu10080994",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Nutrients",
issn = "2072-6643",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thirteen-year trends in dietary patterns among Japanese adults in the national health and nutrition survey 2003-2015

T2 - Continuous westernization of the Japanese diet

AU - Murakami, Kentaro

AU - Livingstone, B.

AU - Sasaki, Satoshi

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - We examined 13-year trends in dietary patterns, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan 2003–2015. In repeated, independent cross-sectional studies, dietary intake was assessed with a one-day weighed dietary record in 88,527 Japanese adults aged ≥20 years. Using principal component analysis based on the daily consumption of 31 food groups, we identified three dietary patterns, the “plant food and fish”, “bread and dairy”, and “animal food and oil” patterns. In the whole sample, the “plant food and fish” pattern score decreased while the “bread and dairy” and “animal food and oil” pattern scores increased. The decreasing trends in the “plant food and fish” pattern were observed in all subgroups considered. The increasing trends in the “bread and dairy” pattern were similar across sexes and by current smoking status. However, in terms of age, occupation, and weight status, the increasing trends were only evident in particular subgroups (i.e., age 50–64 and ≥65 years; security/transportation/labor occupation and non worker; and normal weight and overweight participants). For the “animal food and oil” pattern, the increasing trends were observed in all subgroups, except for the youngest age group (20–34 years old). This study suggests continuous Westernization of the Japanese diet.

AB - We examined 13-year trends in dietary patterns, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan 2003–2015. In repeated, independent cross-sectional studies, dietary intake was assessed with a one-day weighed dietary record in 88,527 Japanese adults aged ≥20 years. Using principal component analysis based on the daily consumption of 31 food groups, we identified three dietary patterns, the “plant food and fish”, “bread and dairy”, and “animal food and oil” patterns. In the whole sample, the “plant food and fish” pattern score decreased while the “bread and dairy” and “animal food and oil” pattern scores increased. The decreasing trends in the “plant food and fish” pattern were observed in all subgroups considered. The increasing trends in the “bread and dairy” pattern were similar across sexes and by current smoking status. However, in terms of age, occupation, and weight status, the increasing trends were only evident in particular subgroups (i.e., age 50–64 and ≥65 years; security/transportation/labor occupation and non worker; and normal weight and overweight participants). For the “animal food and oil” pattern, the increasing trends were observed in all subgroups, except for the youngest age group (20–34 years old). This study suggests continuous Westernization of the Japanese diet.

KW - Dietary patterns

KW - Food consumption patterns

KW - National survey

KW - Principal component analysis

KW - Trend analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051079394&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051079394&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/nu10080994

DO - 10.3390/nu10080994

M3 - Article

C2 - 30061492

AN - SCOPUS:85051079394

VL - 10

JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 8

M1 - 994

ER -