Thermoelectric Power Factor Enhancement by Spin-Polarized Currents—A Nanowire Case Study

Anna Corinna Niemann, Tim Böhnert, Ann Kathrin Michel, Svenja Bäßler, Bernd Gotsmann, Katalin Neuróhr, Bence Tóth, László Péter, Imre Bakonyi, Victor Vega, Victor M. Prida, Johannes Gooth, Kornelius Nielsch

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Abstract

Thermoelectric (TE) measurements have been performed on the workhorses of today's data storage devices, exhibiting either the giant or the anisotropic magnetoresistance effect (GMR and AMR). The temperature-dependent (50–300 K) and magnetic field-dependent (up to 1 T) TE power factor (PF) has been determined for several CoNi alloy nanowires with varying Co:Ni ratios as well as for CoNi/Cu multilayered nanowires with various Cu layer thicknesses, which are all synthesized via a template-assisted electrodeposition process. A systematic investigation of the resistivity, as well as the Seebeck coefficient, is performed for CoNi alloy nanowires and CoNi/Cu multilayered nanowires. At room temperature, measured values of TE PFs up to 3.6 mW K−2 m−1 for AMR samples and 2.0 mW K−2 m−1 for GMR nanowires are obtained. Furthermore, the TE PF is found to increase by up to 13.1% for AMR CoNi alloy nanowires and by up to 52% for GMR CoNi/Cu samples in an external applied magnetic field. The magnetic nanowires exhibit TE PFs that are of the same order of magnitude as TE PFs of BiSbSeTe based thermoelectric materials and, additionally, give the opportunity to adjust the TE power output to changing loads and hotspots through external magnetic fields.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1600058
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Volume2
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016

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Keywords

  • electrodeposition
  • magnetoresistance
  • nanostructured thermoelectrics
  • nanowires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Niemann, A. C., Böhnert, T., Michel, A. K., Bäßler, S., Gotsmann, B., Neuróhr, K., Tóth, B., Péter, L., Bakonyi, I., Vega, V., Prida, V. M., Gooth, J., & Nielsch, K. (2016). Thermoelectric Power Factor Enhancement by Spin-Polarized Currents—A Nanowire Case Study. Advanced Electronic Materials, 2(9), [1600058]. https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.201600058