Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper attempts to unify the conceptual framework of thermodynamics and the theory of hierarchical systems. The fundamental notions of thermodynamic structures, and the connection between catastrophe theory and thermodynamic stability theory, were investigated. Nonthermodynamic systems based on thermodynamics may be analyzed at different hierarchical levels. In such systems the flow of energy and material is accompanied by a flow of essential information, the thermodynamic process taking place at the 'higher level' of the hierarchy. Neurobiological and industrial chemical systems are considered as typical hierarchical systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-766
Number of pages9
JournalInternational chemical engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'THERMODYNAMICS OF HIERARCHICAL SYSTEMS.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this