The thermodynamics and stoichiometry of zaleplon (ZAL) complexation with different cyclodextrin derivatives [β-CD, hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD), randomly methylated-β-cyclodextrin (RAMEB), sulphobutylether-β-cyclodextrin (SBE-β-CD)] in aqueous solution was studied by spectrofluorimetry and 1H NMR spectroscopy in order to obtain a more general understanding of the driving forces behind the inclusion phenomena. Job's plot derived from the NMR spectral data and statistical analysis of spectrofluorimetric titration data confirmed the formation of equimolar complexes in all systems tested, excluding the possibility of higher order complex formation. Furthermore, thermodynamic parameters obtained by both techniques gave similar and negative values of ΔG° for all complexes, indicating spontaneous inclusion of drug into CDs. From a thermodynamic point of view, two types of inclusions were determined. One is enthalpy driven ZAL complexation with β-CD, HP-β-CD and RAMEB, while the other is entropy driven complexation observed in the case of SBE-β-CD. The mechanisms behind each type of inclusion were discussed in detail.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2014|
- Thermodynamics of complexation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Condensed Matter Physics