This paper reports the structural and thermodynamic consequences of substitution of the OH group by the isoelectronic F-atom in the case of the adrenaline family of molecules. The conformational landscapes were explored for the two enantiomeric forms of N-protonated-β-fluoro-β-phenyl- ethylamine, also called (2-fluoro- 2-phenyl-l-ethyl)-ammonium ion (Model 1) and that of N-protonated-β-hydroxy-β-phenyl-ethylamine, also referred to as (2-hydroxy-2-phenyl-l-ethyl)-ammonium (Model 2) models of noradrenaline and adrenaline molecules. These full conformational studies were carried out by first principles of quantum mechanical computations at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) and G3MP2B3 levels of theory, using the Gaussian03 program. Also, frequency calculations of the stable structures were performed at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p), and G3MP2B3 levels of theory. The thermodynamic functions (U, H, S, and G) of the various stable conformations of the title compounds were calculated at these levels of theory for the R and S stereoisomers. Relative values of the thermodynamic functions have been calculated with respect of the chosen reference conformers in which all relevant dihedral angles assumed anti orientation for the Model 1 and Model 2. Through the combination of both point and axis chirality, the enantiomeric and diastereomeric relationships of the six structures for each molecule investigated were established. Intramolecular hydrogen bonding interactions have been studied by the atoms in molecules (AIM) analysis of the electron density. The aromaticity of phenyl group has been determined by a selective hydrogenation protocol. The pattern of the extent of aromacity, due intramolecular interactions, varies very little between the two models studied.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry