Thermodynamic functions of conformational changes, part IV: Functional analysis of conformational entropy of substituted ethane and methanol

Béla Viskolcz, Milan Szori, Robert Izsak, Szilard N. Fejer, Imre G. Csizmadia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermodynamic functions ΔH and ΔS, were computed along the dihedral angle (x) of conformational change for a few selected single rotors: YCH2-CH2Y and YCH2-OH. The computations were carried out at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory, with 5° increments in x, under very tight optimization condition. The entropy function, S(x), was generated for the full range (0° to 360°) of internal rotation and was subjected to functional analysis. We found the general rule that S(x) had critical points at or near the critical points of ΔH(x); therefore, (dS/dx) vanished for all critical points (minima and transition states) of ΔH(x). However, the entropy derivative also vanished at certain characteristic conformations that were not manifested on the potential energy or enthalpy function. These geometries were classified as "latent minima" or "latent critical points." The conformational entropy change was related to the relative information (I/I180) of the same state, where the reference state was chosen to be the anti conformation (x = 180°). According to the relationship ln(I/I180) = -ΔS/R, information accumulation was observed in the case of 1,2-disubtituted ethane and information depletion occurred in the case of fluoromethanol and ethyl alcohol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1826-1834
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Volume107
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2007

Keywords

  • Ab initio
  • Conformational change
  • Entropy derivatives
  • Information content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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