This paper outlines the different ways of taking the distance from thermodynamic equilibrium into account in kinetic studies based on thermoanalytical experiments. The three main approaches are: (i) avoiding or neglecting the effect of the reverse reaction, (ii) describing the influence of distance from equilibrium on apparent kinetic parameters, and (iii) incorporating a driving force factor in the rate equation. Finally, the contradiction of the microscopic nature of the processes and the macroscopic character of the usual rate equation are briefly discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry