Thermally activated iron containing layered double hydroxides as potential catalyst for N 2O abatement

Tatjana J. Vulic, Andreas F.K. Reitzmann, Károly Lázár

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Abstract

Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and derived mixed oxides with different Mg/Al/Fe contents were investigated. Two super-saturation precipitation methods were used for the synthesis of LDHs with general formula [Mg 1-xM(III) x(OH) 2](CO 3) x/2{dot operator}mH 2O where M(III) presents Al and/or Fe. The content of trivalent ions x=M(III)/[M(II)+M(III)], was varied between 0.15<x<0.7. Such a wide range of trivalent ions was chosen with the aim to induce the formation of different multiphase mixed oxides. Iron was introduced as constituent metal in order to obtain redox properties. LDHs and their derived mixed oxides were characterized with respect to their crystalline structure (XRD), thermal stability (TG/DTA), textural (N 2 adsorption), redox (H 2 TPR) and acid properties (NH 3 TPD) as well as the nature of the iron species (Mössbauer spectroscopy). Catalytic behavior was studied in two test reactions: N 2O decomposition and reduction with NH 3. It has been demonstrated that extended M(III) substitution influences the structure and surface properties of Mg-Al-Fe LDHs and derived mixed oxides, weakens Mg-Al-Fe-O interactions and improves catalytic behavior correlated with the presence of Fe-O-Fe-O-Fe entities providing possibility for facilitated extraction of oxygen with simultaneous redox Fe 3+Fe 2+ conversion. The catalytic behavior is mainly determined by redox properties, nature of iron species in mixed oxides and by structural properties of initial LDHs. The best catalytic results were obtained when the amount of M(III) was near the limit for the incorporation into LDH matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)913-922
Number of pages10
JournalChemical engineering journal
Volume207-208
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Hydrotalcite like materials
  • Mg-Al-Fe mixed oxides
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • Nitrous oxide
  • TPR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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