Thermal stability of solid Ferrates(VI)

A review

Libor Machala, Radek Zboril, Virender K. Sharma, Jan Filip, Oldrich Schneeweiss, J. Madarász, Z. Homonnay, G. Pokol, Ria Yngard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review critically summarizes currently known results concerning the thermal decomposition of the most frequently used ferrate(VI) salts (K 2FeO4, BaFeO4, Cs2FeO4). Parameters important in the thermal decomposition of solid ferrates(VI) include the initial purity of the sample, a presence of adsorbed and/or crystal water, reaction atmosphere and temperature, crystal linity, phase transitions, and secondary transformation of the decomposition products. The confirmation and identification of metastable phases formed during thermal treatment can be difficult using standard approach. The in-situ experimental approach is necessary in some cases to understand better the decomposition mechanism. Generally, solid ferrates(VI) were found to be unstable at temperatures above 200 °C as one-step reduction accompanied by oxygen evolution usually proceeds. The most known and used ferrate(VI) salt, potassium ferrate(VI) (K2FeO4), decomposes at high temperatures to potassium orthoferrate( III), (KFeO2), and potassium oxides. The resulting phase composition of the sample heated in air can be affected by accompanying secondary reactions with the participation of CO2 and H2O in air. However, the thermal decomposition of barium ferrate(VI) (BaFeO 4) is not sensitive to constituents of air and is mostly reduced to non-stoichiometric BaFeOx(2.5 <x <3) perovskite-like phases stable under ordinary conditions. Such phases contain iron atoms with oxidation state +4; exhibiting the main difference in the decomposition mechanisms of K2Fe04 and BaFe04.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationACS Symposium Series
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Pages124-144
Number of pages21
Volume985
ISBN (Print)9780841269613
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 25 2008

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
Volume985
ISSN (Print)00976156
ISSN (Electronic)19475918

Fingerprint

Potassium
Pyrolysis
Thermodynamic stability
Decomposition
Air
Salts
Crystals
Metastable phases
Barium
Phase composition
Perovskite
Temperature
Phase transitions
Heat treatment
Iron
Atoms
Oxidation
Oxides
Oxygen
ferrate ion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Machala, L., Zboril, R., Sharma, V. K., Filip, J., Schneeweiss, O., Madarász, J., ... Yngard, R. (2008). Thermal stability of solid Ferrates(VI): A review. In ACS Symposium Series (Vol. 985, pp. 124-144). (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 985). American Chemical Society. https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2008-0985.ch008

Thermal stability of solid Ferrates(VI) : A review. / Machala, Libor; Zboril, Radek; Sharma, Virender K.; Filip, Jan; Schneeweiss, Oldrich; Madarász, J.; Homonnay, Z.; Pokol, G.; Yngard, Ria.

ACS Symposium Series. Vol. 985 American Chemical Society, 2008. p. 124-144 (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 985).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Machala, L, Zboril, R, Sharma, VK, Filip, J, Schneeweiss, O, Madarász, J, Homonnay, Z, Pokol, G & Yngard, R 2008, Thermal stability of solid Ferrates(VI): A review. in ACS Symposium Series. vol. 985, ACS Symposium Series, vol. 985, American Chemical Society, pp. 124-144. https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2008-0985.ch008
Machala L, Zboril R, Sharma VK, Filip J, Schneeweiss O, Madarász J et al. Thermal stability of solid Ferrates(VI): A review. In ACS Symposium Series. Vol. 985. American Chemical Society. 2008. p. 124-144. (ACS Symposium Series). https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2008-0985.ch008
Machala, Libor ; Zboril, Radek ; Sharma, Virender K. ; Filip, Jan ; Schneeweiss, Oldrich ; Madarász, J. ; Homonnay, Z. ; Pokol, G. ; Yngard, Ria. / Thermal stability of solid Ferrates(VI) : A review. ACS Symposium Series. Vol. 985 American Chemical Society, 2008. pp. 124-144 (ACS Symposium Series).
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