Thermal stability and surface structure of SnO2-CeO2 impregnated catalysts

Tatiana Yuzhakova, Ákos Rédey, Anca Vasile, Cristian Hornoiu, Veronica Bratan, Anett Utasi, József Kovacs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Newly prepared SnO2-CeO2 catalyst samples used as depollution catalysts were characterized applying low-temperature nitrogen adsorption (BET), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermo-gravimetry (TG-dTG) and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) methods. Pure SnO2 has higher surface area (17 m2/g) than the pure CeO2 (8 m2/g). Addition of organic tin oxide precursor to ceria in amount of 5 wt% slightly decreases the surface area of CeO2 (SSn5-Ce= 7 m2/g). The increase of tin oxide content to 10 and 20 wt% increases the surface area of the catalyst (SSn10-Ce= 9 m2/g; SSn20-Ce= 10 m2/g). A similar effect was observed for pores of 1.7-300nm size. Catalyst sample Sn5-Ce exhibited the lowest pore volume, which increases with increasing the amount of tin oxide. Tin dioxide in Sn-Ce samples with lower loadings of SnO2 (≤10 wt%) were well dispersed showing amorphous structure. High loading (20 wt%) of tin dioxide in Sn-Ce showed XRD lines of formation of cassiterate crystalline structure of SnO2 without evidence of solid solution formation. In case of SnO2 the TPR profile exhibits a major peak at about 545°C with much greater intensity than in case of CeO2, revealing that SnO2 was more easily reducible than CeO2. Sn-Ce samples exhibit reducibility at lower temperatures (between 545-635°C) compared to the single tin dioxide (750°C).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-230
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Engineering and Management Journal
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Crystalline structure
  • Impregnated samples
  • Morphology
  • Reducibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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