Thermal neutron capture cross section for Fe 56 (n,γ)

R. B. Firestone, T. Belgya, M. Krtička, F. Bečvář, L. Szentmiklósi, I. Tomandl

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Abstract

The Fe56(n,γ) thermal neutron capture cross section and the Fe57 level scheme populated by this reaction have been investigated in this work. Singles γ-ray spectra were measured with an isotopically enriched Fe56 target using the guided cold neutron beam at the Budapest Reactor, and γγ-coincidence data were measured with a natural Fe target at the LWR-15 research reactor in ŘeŽ, Czech Republic. A detailed level scheme consisting of 448 γ rays populating/depopulating 97 levels and the capture state in Fe57 has been constructed, and ≈99% of the total transition intensity has been placed. The transition probability of the 352-keV γ ray was determined to be Pγ(352)=11.90±0.07 per 100 neutron captures. The Fe57 level scheme is substantially revised from earlier work and ≈33 previously assigned levels could not be confirmed while a comparable number of new levels were added. The Fe57γ-ray cross sections were internally calibrated with respect to H1 and S32γ-ray cross section standards using iron(III) acetylacetonate (C15H21FeO6) and iron pyrite (FeS2) targets. The thermal neutron cross section for production of the 352-keV γ-ray cross section was determined to be σγ(352)=0.2849±0.015 b. The total Fe56(n,γ) thermal radiative neutron cross section is derived from the 352-keV γ-ray cross section and transition probability as σ0=2.394±0.019 b. A least-squares fit of the γ rays to the level scheme gives the Fe57 neutron separation energy Sn=7646.183±0.018 keV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014328
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 30 2017

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thermal neutrons
absorption cross sections
rays
neutron cross sections
cross sections
transition probabilities
reactors
iron
neutrons
Czech Republic
cold neutrons
neutron beams
pyrites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Thermal neutron capture cross section for Fe 56 (n,γ). / Firestone, R. B.; Belgya, T.; Krtička, M.; Bečvář, F.; Szentmiklósi, L.; Tomandl, I.

In: Physical Review C, Vol. 95, No. 1, 014328, 30.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Firestone, R. B. ; Belgya, T. ; Krtička, M. ; Bečvář, F. ; Szentmiklósi, L. ; Tomandl, I. / Thermal neutron capture cross section for Fe 56 (n,γ). In: Physical Review C. 2017 ; Vol. 95, No. 1.
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AB - The Fe56(n,γ) thermal neutron capture cross section and the Fe57 level scheme populated by this reaction have been investigated in this work. Singles γ-ray spectra were measured with an isotopically enriched Fe56 target using the guided cold neutron beam at the Budapest Reactor, and γγ-coincidence data were measured with a natural Fe target at the LWR-15 research reactor in ŘeŽ, Czech Republic. A detailed level scheme consisting of 448 γ rays populating/depopulating 97 levels and the capture state in Fe57 has been constructed, and ≈99% of the total transition intensity has been placed. The transition probability of the 352-keV γ ray was determined to be Pγ(352)=11.90±0.07 per 100 neutron captures. The Fe57 level scheme is substantially revised from earlier work and ≈33 previously assigned levels could not be confirmed while a comparable number of new levels were added. The Fe57γ-ray cross sections were internally calibrated with respect to H1 and S32γ-ray cross section standards using iron(III) acetylacetonate (C15H21FeO6) and iron pyrite (FeS2) targets. The thermal neutron cross section for production of the 352-keV γ-ray cross section was determined to be σγ(352)=0.2849±0.015 b. The total Fe56(n,γ) thermal radiative neutron cross section is derived from the 352-keV γ-ray cross section and transition probability as σ0=2.394±0.019 b. A least-squares fit of the γ rays to the level scheme gives the Fe57 neutron separation energy Sn=7646.183±0.018 keV.

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