Thermal decomposition of polymer mixtures of PVC, PET and ABS containing brominated flame retardant: Formation of chlorinated and brominated organic compounds

Z. Czégény, E. Jakab, M. Blazso, T. Bhaskar, Y. Sakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermal decomposition of various mixtures of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene copolymer (ABS), ABS containing brominated epoxy resin flame retardant and Sb 2O 3, poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) has been studied in order to clarify the reactions between the components of mixed polymers. More than 40 halogen-containing molecules have been identified among the pyrolysis products of mixed samples. Brominated and chlorinated aromatic esters were detected from the mixtures containing PET and halogen-containing polymers. A series of chlorinated, brominated and mixed chlorinated and brominated phenols and bisphenol A molecules have been identified among the pyrolysis products of polymer mixtures containing flame retarded ABS and PVC. It was established that the decomposition rate curves (DTG) of the mixtures were not simple superpositions of the individual components indicating interactions between the decomposition reactions of the polymer components. The maximal rate of thermal decomposition of both ABS and PET decreases significantly if the mixture contains brominated epoxy flame retardant and Sb 2O 3 synergist. The dehydrochlorination rate of PVC is enhanced in the presence of ABS or PET.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-77
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume96
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Fingerprint

Flame Retardants
Acrylonitrile
Vinyl Chloride
Flame retardants
Butadiene
Organic compounds
Styrene
Polymers
Pyrolysis
Copolymers
Halogens
Epoxy Resins
Decomposition
Molecules
Polyethylene Terephthalates
Phenols
Epoxy resins
Polyethylene terephthalates
Esters
styrofoam

Keywords

  • Flame retardant
  • Gas chromatography
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Polymer
  • Pyrolysis
  • TGA
  • Thermogravimetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Thermal decomposition of polymer mixtures of PVC, PET and ABS containing brominated flame retardant: Formation of chlorinated and brominated organic compounds",
abstract = "The thermal decomposition of various mixtures of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene copolymer (ABS), ABS containing brominated epoxy resin flame retardant and Sb 2O 3, poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) has been studied in order to clarify the reactions between the components of mixed polymers. More than 40 halogen-containing molecules have been identified among the pyrolysis products of mixed samples. Brominated and chlorinated aromatic esters were detected from the mixtures containing PET and halogen-containing polymers. A series of chlorinated, brominated and mixed chlorinated and brominated phenols and bisphenol A molecules have been identified among the pyrolysis products of polymer mixtures containing flame retarded ABS and PVC. It was established that the decomposition rate curves (DTG) of the mixtures were not simple superpositions of the individual components indicating interactions between the decomposition reactions of the polymer components. The maximal rate of thermal decomposition of both ABS and PET decreases significantly if the mixture contains brominated epoxy flame retardant and Sb 2O 3 synergist. The dehydrochlorination rate of PVC is enhanced in the presence of ABS or PET.",
keywords = "Flame retardant, Gas chromatography, Mass spectrometry, Polymer, Pyrolysis, TGA, Thermogravimetry",
author = "Z. Cz{\'e}g{\'e}ny and E. Jakab and M. Blazso and T. Bhaskar and Y. Sakata",
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T1 - Thermal decomposition of polymer mixtures of PVC, PET and ABS containing brominated flame retardant

T2 - Formation of chlorinated and brominated organic compounds

AU - Czégény, Z.

AU - Jakab, E.

AU - Blazso, M.

AU - Bhaskar, T.

AU - Sakata, Y.

PY - 2012/7

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N2 - The thermal decomposition of various mixtures of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene copolymer (ABS), ABS containing brominated epoxy resin flame retardant and Sb 2O 3, poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) has been studied in order to clarify the reactions between the components of mixed polymers. More than 40 halogen-containing molecules have been identified among the pyrolysis products of mixed samples. Brominated and chlorinated aromatic esters were detected from the mixtures containing PET and halogen-containing polymers. A series of chlorinated, brominated and mixed chlorinated and brominated phenols and bisphenol A molecules have been identified among the pyrolysis products of polymer mixtures containing flame retarded ABS and PVC. It was established that the decomposition rate curves (DTG) of the mixtures were not simple superpositions of the individual components indicating interactions between the decomposition reactions of the polymer components. The maximal rate of thermal decomposition of both ABS and PET decreases significantly if the mixture contains brominated epoxy flame retardant and Sb 2O 3 synergist. The dehydrochlorination rate of PVC is enhanced in the presence of ABS or PET.

AB - The thermal decomposition of various mixtures of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene copolymer (ABS), ABS containing brominated epoxy resin flame retardant and Sb 2O 3, poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) has been studied in order to clarify the reactions between the components of mixed polymers. More than 40 halogen-containing molecules have been identified among the pyrolysis products of mixed samples. Brominated and chlorinated aromatic esters were detected from the mixtures containing PET and halogen-containing polymers. A series of chlorinated, brominated and mixed chlorinated and brominated phenols and bisphenol A molecules have been identified among the pyrolysis products of polymer mixtures containing flame retarded ABS and PVC. It was established that the decomposition rate curves (DTG) of the mixtures were not simple superpositions of the individual components indicating interactions between the decomposition reactions of the polymer components. The maximal rate of thermal decomposition of both ABS and PET decreases significantly if the mixture contains brominated epoxy flame retardant and Sb 2O 3 synergist. The dehydrochlorination rate of PVC is enhanced in the presence of ABS or PET.

KW - Flame retardant

KW - Gas chromatography

KW - Mass spectrometry

KW - Polymer

KW - Pyrolysis

KW - TGA

KW - Thermogravimetry

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