During the past decade, CEC has been one of the few novel achievements in the field of separation science attracting a wide interest. The technology progress permitted the realization of the long-sought idea to employ an electroosmotically driven flow through the columns improving the separations in terms of both resolution and efficiency. The early practical obstacles related to the use of conventional bead-packed columns have been solved by the introduction of continuous beds, also known as monoliths. Hitherto, various synthesis approaches have been successfully developed producing monolithic beds in situ in capillary columns, sharing similar physical structure built up of tiny particles (in the sub-μm range) that are covalently linked together and to the capillary wall. Parallel with the practical column technology studies, the theory of electrochromatography has been continuously developed, focusing on such basic issues as EOF characterization, separation efficiency, and peak dispersion effects. This review provides a short introduction to the theory of CEC with special attention to monolithic separation beds. The paper also summarizes the latest achievements in CEC and discusses the nomenclature, EOF characteristics, and some specific advantages of monolithic column technology.
- Capillary electrochromatography
- Electroosmotic flow
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Clinical Biochemistry