The possible role of poly(C)RNase serum activity and CEA serum level for early detection and differentiation of pancreatic carcinoma and its specifity and valuability were critically analyzed: Serum RNase (median, min-max) with polycytidin as substrate was determined in 13 "normal" patients (14.6 E/ml, 4.3-29.8 E/ml), 16 patients with pancreatic cancer (T3 or metastases) (17.6 E/ml, 6-49.9 E/ml), 15 patients with chronic pancreatitis (9.5 E/ml, 4.9-26.5 E/ml), 7 patients with acute pancreatitis (14.2 E/ml, 5.5-67.3 E/ml) and 13 patients with other types of malignomas (15 E/ml, 4.3-42.5 E/ml). Serum CEA level was evaluated in 18 "normal" patients (1.15 ng/ml, 0-4.3 ng/ml), 12 patients with pancreatic carcinoma (T3 or metastases) (6.5 ng/ml, 2-456.5 ng/ml), 13 patients with chronic pancreatitis (2.3 ng/ml, 0-8.5 ng/ml), 8 patients with acute pancreatitis (2.7 ng/ml, 0.1-4.6 ng/ml) and 5 patients without operative verification of suspected pancreatic carcinoma (0.9 ng/ml, 0-1.7 ng/ml). The serum RNase activity in pancreatic cancer patients did not show any significant increase in comparison to the other groups, and these patients could not be distinguished from those with the other diseases when excluding other factors influencing serum RNase level such as: Renal insufficiency, nutrition, age, sex. Their CEA level was significantly higher in comparison to the other groups (p<0.05). Using 2.5 ng/ml as the limit, the sensitivity was found to be 80% (10/12 of pancreatic carcinomas positive) and the specifity being 70.5% (31/44 of other groups without malignant diseases negative). The presented study and data in the literature show that poly (C) RNase measurement is not useful in early detection of pancreatic carcinoma, but the CEA test could be helpful in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic diseases due to its specifity (70.5%) and seems to be valuable in detection of residual and in monitoring for recurrent pancreatic carcinoma in view of its sensitivity and correlation with the stage of cancer.
|Translated title of the contribution||The value of poly-C-specific serum ribonuclease and CEA in the diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1 1981|
- Early diagnosis
- Pancreatic carcinoma
- Poly (C) specific serum ribonuclease
ASJC Scopus subject areas