The thermodynamic stability of the mixtures of hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) and sodium dodecyl sulfate at low surfactant-to-polyelectrolyte ratios

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Abstract

The equilibrium nature of the association between the hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) has been investigated in the presence of excess polyelectrolyte. It was found that the thermodynamic stability of the system considerably depends on the ionization degree of the PEI molecules. In the case of slightly charged PEI molecules, the PEI/SDS mixtures are thermodynamically stable solutions in the pre-precipitation concentration range. In contrast, at low and moderate pH kinetically stable colloidal dispersions of the positively charged PEI/SDS particles can be observed at low surfactant-to-polyelectrolyte ratios. These dispersions are stabilized by the uncompensated charges of the PEI molecules. In addition to the primary PEI/SDS particles, larger aggregates may also appear in the mixtures. The higher the protonation degree of the PEI molecules and the smaller the net charge of the primary PEI/SDS particles, the more likely the aggregate formation becomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-449
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume338
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2009

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Polyetherimides
Sodium dodecyl sulfate
Polyelectrolytes
Surface-Active Agents
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Surface active agents
Thermodynamic stability
Molecules
Dispersions
aziridine
Protonation
Ionization
Association reactions

Keywords

  • Colloidal dispersion
  • Kinetic stability
  • Polyelectrolyte
  • Surfactant
  • Thermodynamic stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "The thermodynamic stability of the mixtures of hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) and sodium dodecyl sulfate at low surfactant-to-polyelectrolyte ratios",
abstract = "The equilibrium nature of the association between the hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) has been investigated in the presence of excess polyelectrolyte. It was found that the thermodynamic stability of the system considerably depends on the ionization degree of the PEI molecules. In the case of slightly charged PEI molecules, the PEI/SDS mixtures are thermodynamically stable solutions in the pre-precipitation concentration range. In contrast, at low and moderate pH kinetically stable colloidal dispersions of the positively charged PEI/SDS particles can be observed at low surfactant-to-polyelectrolyte ratios. These dispersions are stabilized by the uncompensated charges of the PEI molecules. In addition to the primary PEI/SDS particles, larger aggregates may also appear in the mixtures. The higher the protonation degree of the PEI molecules and the smaller the net charge of the primary PEI/SDS particles, the more likely the aggregate formation becomes.",
keywords = "Colloidal dispersion, Kinetic stability, Polyelectrolyte, Surfactant, Thermodynamic stability",
author = "R. M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros",
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AU - Mészáros, R.

PY - 2009/10/15

Y1 - 2009/10/15

N2 - The equilibrium nature of the association between the hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) has been investigated in the presence of excess polyelectrolyte. It was found that the thermodynamic stability of the system considerably depends on the ionization degree of the PEI molecules. In the case of slightly charged PEI molecules, the PEI/SDS mixtures are thermodynamically stable solutions in the pre-precipitation concentration range. In contrast, at low and moderate pH kinetically stable colloidal dispersions of the positively charged PEI/SDS particles can be observed at low surfactant-to-polyelectrolyte ratios. These dispersions are stabilized by the uncompensated charges of the PEI molecules. In addition to the primary PEI/SDS particles, larger aggregates may also appear in the mixtures. The higher the protonation degree of the PEI molecules and the smaller the net charge of the primary PEI/SDS particles, the more likely the aggregate formation becomes.

AB - The equilibrium nature of the association between the hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) has been investigated in the presence of excess polyelectrolyte. It was found that the thermodynamic stability of the system considerably depends on the ionization degree of the PEI molecules. In the case of slightly charged PEI molecules, the PEI/SDS mixtures are thermodynamically stable solutions in the pre-precipitation concentration range. In contrast, at low and moderate pH kinetically stable colloidal dispersions of the positively charged PEI/SDS particles can be observed at low surfactant-to-polyelectrolyte ratios. These dispersions are stabilized by the uncompensated charges of the PEI molecules. In addition to the primary PEI/SDS particles, larger aggregates may also appear in the mixtures. The higher the protonation degree of the PEI molecules and the smaller the net charge of the primary PEI/SDS particles, the more likely the aggregate formation becomes.

KW - Colloidal dispersion

KW - Kinetic stability

KW - Polyelectrolyte

KW - Surfactant

KW - Thermodynamic stability

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