The Surprisingly Low Carbon Mass in the Debris Disk around HD 32297

Gianni Cataldi, Yanqin Wu, Alexis Brandeker, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Attila Moór, Göran Olofsson, Péter Ábrahám, Ruben Asensio-Torres, Maria Cavallius, William R.F. Dent, Carol Grady, Thomas Henning, Aya E. Higuchi, A. Meredith Hughes, Markus Janson, Inga Kamp, Ágnes Kóspál, Seth Redfield, Aki Roberge, Alycia WeinbergerBarry Welsh

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Gas has been detected in a number of debris disks. It is likely secondary, i.e., produced by colliding solids. Here, we report ALMA Band 8 observations of neutral carbon in the CO-rich debris disk around the 15-30 Myr old A-type star HD 32297. We find that C0 is located in a ring at ∼110 au with an FWHM of ∼80 au and has a mass of (3.5 ± 0.2) × 10-3 M . Naively, such a surprisingly small mass can be accumulated from CO photodissociation in a time as short as ∼104 yr. We develop a simple model for gas production and destruction in this system, properly accounting for CO self-shielding and shielding by neutral carbon, and introducing a removal mechanism for carbon gas. We find that the most likely scenario to explain both C0 and CO observations is one where the carbon gas is rapidly removed on a timescale of order a thousand years and the system maintains a very high CO production rate of ∼15 M Myr-1, much higher than the rate of dust grind-down. We propose a possible scenario to meet these peculiar conditions: The capture of carbon onto dust grains, followed by rapid CO re-formation and rerelease. In steady state, CO would continuously be recycled, producing a CO-rich gas ring that shows no appreciable spreading over time. This picture might be extended to explain other gas-rich debris disks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number99
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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  • Cite this

    Cataldi, G., Wu, Y., Brandeker, A., Ohashi, N., Moór, A., Olofsson, G., Ábrahám, P., Asensio-Torres, R., Cavallius, M., Dent, W. R. F., Grady, C., Henning, T., Higuchi, A. E., Hughes, A. M., Janson, M., Kamp, I., Kóspál, Á., Redfield, S., Roberge, A., ... Welsh, B. (2020). The Surprisingly Low Carbon Mass in the Debris Disk around HD 32297. Astrophysical Journal, 892(2), [99].