The influence of tonicity, ionic composition and temperature of the incubating medium on the increasing effect of veratrine on 24Na transport of the frog sartorius muscle has been studied. (1) The effect of veratrine applied during 24Na loading on the rate coefficient for sodium loss depended on the tonicity of the medium. The rate of loss of 24Na from muscles loaded in the presence of veratrine was not affected if the muscles had been equilibrated in hypertonic medium. However, when treating the muscles with veratrine in isotonic medium during 24Na loading, we obtained a two fold increase in the rate coefficient for sodium loss. (2) The effect of veratrine applied during the desaturation period on 24Na efflux was also found to depend on the tonicity of the medium. Veratrine applied during the desaturation period increased the 24Na efflux in muscles equilibrated in isotonic Ringer's solution. However, when the muscles were equilibrated in hypertonic medium, veratrine did not influence 24Na efflux not even after the rate of 264Na loss had been decreased by ouabain. (3) Hypertonic medium inhibited the Li uptake-enhancing effect of veratrine, while in isotonic medium veratrine had a marked enhancing effect. (4) In hypertonic medium lithium inhibited the otherwise characteristic increasing effect of veratrine on 24Na uptake. (5) The increase of intracellular sodium concentration as a result of incubation in cold, potassium-free Ringer's solution did not influence the 24Na exchange-increasing effect of veratrine in isotonic medium. (6) The increasing effects of 0.1 and 0.5 mM veratrine on 24Na influx to a greater extent than 0.1 mM. (7) On the basis of our earlier experiments it has been suggested that the site of action of the 24Na uptake-increasing effect of veratrine could be the neural structures in the muscle equilibrated in hypertonic media. The present experiments confirm this suggestion and at the same time demonstrate that there are substantial differences in the mechanism of the sodium transport of veratrine-treated neural and muscle membranes, which become more apparent in hypertonic medium.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Acta physiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1979|
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