The structure of hyperalkaline aqueous solutions containing high concentrations of gallium-a solution X-ray diffraction and computational study

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Abstract

Highly concentrated alkaline NaOH-Ga(OH)3 solutions with 1.18 M ≤ [Ga(iii)]T ≤ 2.32 M and 2.4 M ≤ [NaOH]T ≤ 4.9 M (where the subscript T denotes total or analytical concentrations) have been prepared and investigated by solution X-ray diffraction and also by ab initio quantum chemical calculations. The data obtained are consistent with the presence of only one predominant Ga(iii)-bearing species in these solutions, which is the tetrahedral hydroxo complex Ga(OH)4 -. This finding is in stark contrast to that found for Al(iii)-containing solutions of similar concentrations, in which, besides the monomeric complex, an oxo-bridged dimer was also found to form. From the solution X-ray diffraction measurements, the formation of the dimeric (OH)3Ga-O-Ga(OH)3 2- could not unambiguously be shown, however, from the comparison of experimental IR, Raman and 71Ga NMR spectra with calculated ones, its formation can be safely excluded. Moreover, higher mononuclear stepwise hydroxo complexes, like Ga(OH)6 3-, which have been claimed to exist by others in the literature, were not possible to experimentally detect in these solutions with any of the spectroscopic techniques used. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4023-4032
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 7 2014

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Gallium
gallium
aqueous solutions
X ray diffraction
diffraction
x rays
Bearings (structural)
Dimers
dimers
Nuclear magnetic resonance
nuclear magnetic resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

@article{feb2e0e74642469da065d66e65004aaa,
title = "The structure of hyperalkaline aqueous solutions containing high concentrations of gallium-a solution X-ray diffraction and computational study",
abstract = "Highly concentrated alkaline NaOH-Ga(OH)3 solutions with 1.18 M ≤ [Ga(iii)]T ≤ 2.32 M and 2.4 M ≤ [NaOH]T ≤ 4.9 M (where the subscript T denotes total or analytical concentrations) have been prepared and investigated by solution X-ray diffraction and also by ab initio quantum chemical calculations. The data obtained are consistent with the presence of only one predominant Ga(iii)-bearing species in these solutions, which is the tetrahedral hydroxo complex Ga(OH)4 -. This finding is in stark contrast to that found for Al(iii)-containing solutions of similar concentrations, in which, besides the monomeric complex, an oxo-bridged dimer was also found to form. From the solution X-ray diffraction measurements, the formation of the dimeric (OH)3Ga-O-Ga(OH)3 2- could not unambiguously be shown, however, from the comparison of experimental IR, Raman and 71Ga NMR spectra with calculated ones, its formation can be safely excluded. Moreover, higher mononuclear stepwise hydroxo complexes, like Ga(OH)6 3-, which have been claimed to exist by others in the literature, were not possible to experimentally detect in these solutions with any of the spectroscopic techniques used. This journal is",
author = "T. Radn{\'a}i and S. B{\'a}lint and I. Bak{\'o} and T. Megyes and T. Gr{\'o}sz and A. Pallagi and G. Peintler and I. P{\'a}link{\'o} and P. Sipos",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1039/c3cp54369b",
language = "English",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The structure of hyperalkaline aqueous solutions containing high concentrations of gallium-a solution X-ray diffraction and computational study

AU - Radnái, T.

AU - Bálint, S.

AU - Bakó, I.

AU - Megyes, T.

AU - Grósz, T.

AU - Pallagi, A.

AU - Peintler, G.

AU - Pálinkó, I.

AU - Sipos, P.

PY - 2014/3/7

Y1 - 2014/3/7

N2 - Highly concentrated alkaline NaOH-Ga(OH)3 solutions with 1.18 M ≤ [Ga(iii)]T ≤ 2.32 M and 2.4 M ≤ [NaOH]T ≤ 4.9 M (where the subscript T denotes total or analytical concentrations) have been prepared and investigated by solution X-ray diffraction and also by ab initio quantum chemical calculations. The data obtained are consistent with the presence of only one predominant Ga(iii)-bearing species in these solutions, which is the tetrahedral hydroxo complex Ga(OH)4 -. This finding is in stark contrast to that found for Al(iii)-containing solutions of similar concentrations, in which, besides the monomeric complex, an oxo-bridged dimer was also found to form. From the solution X-ray diffraction measurements, the formation of the dimeric (OH)3Ga-O-Ga(OH)3 2- could not unambiguously be shown, however, from the comparison of experimental IR, Raman and 71Ga NMR spectra with calculated ones, its formation can be safely excluded. Moreover, higher mononuclear stepwise hydroxo complexes, like Ga(OH)6 3-, which have been claimed to exist by others in the literature, were not possible to experimentally detect in these solutions with any of the spectroscopic techniques used. This journal is

AB - Highly concentrated alkaline NaOH-Ga(OH)3 solutions with 1.18 M ≤ [Ga(iii)]T ≤ 2.32 M and 2.4 M ≤ [NaOH]T ≤ 4.9 M (where the subscript T denotes total or analytical concentrations) have been prepared and investigated by solution X-ray diffraction and also by ab initio quantum chemical calculations. The data obtained are consistent with the presence of only one predominant Ga(iii)-bearing species in these solutions, which is the tetrahedral hydroxo complex Ga(OH)4 -. This finding is in stark contrast to that found for Al(iii)-containing solutions of similar concentrations, in which, besides the monomeric complex, an oxo-bridged dimer was also found to form. From the solution X-ray diffraction measurements, the formation of the dimeric (OH)3Ga-O-Ga(OH)3 2- could not unambiguously be shown, however, from the comparison of experimental IR, Raman and 71Ga NMR spectra with calculated ones, its formation can be safely excluded. Moreover, higher mononuclear stepwise hydroxo complexes, like Ga(OH)6 3-, which have been claimed to exist by others in the literature, were not possible to experimentally detect in these solutions with any of the spectroscopic techniques used. This journal is

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