The Structure of Children's Perceived Self-Efficacy: A Cross-National Study

Concetta Pastorelli, Gian Vittorio Caprara, Claudio Barbaranelli, Jarek Rola, Sandor Rozsa, Albert Bandura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Citations (Scopus)


The present study investigated the replicability of the factor structure of the Children's Perceived Self-Efficacy scales (CPSE; Bandura, 1990) in Italy, Hungary, and Poland. The findings of this cross-national study support the generalizability of the factor structure of children's social and academic efficacy. Perceived efficacy to resist peer pressure to engage transgressive conduct had a somewhat different factor structure for Hungarian children. Gender and national differences in the pattern of efficacy beliefs underscore the value of treating perceived self-efficacy as a multifaceted attribute. There were no overall gender differences in perceived social efficacy, but girls in all three societies have a higher sense of efficacy for academic activities and to resist peer pressure for transgressive activities. Italian children judge themselves more academically efficacious than do Hungarian children and more socially efficacious than their counterparts in both of the other two countries. An analysis of the facets of academic efficacy revealed that Hungarian children have a high sense of efficacy to master academic subjects but a lower efficacy than their Italian and Polish counterparts to take charge of their own learning. Polish children surpassed their counterparts in academic self-regulatory efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-97
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychological Assessment
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2001


  • Cross-cultural validity
  • Measure
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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