The status of the hoopoe (Upupa epops) in hungary: A review

Gergő Halmos, Károly Nagy, Zsolt Karcza, Tibor Szép

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The Hoopoe is a widespread species in Hungary with the strongest populations on the Great plains. The fact that in 2015 it became ‛The Bird of the Year’ in Hungary offers the pos sibility to summarise the information about the distribution, population size, dispersion, migration as well as the nature conservation status of the Hoopoe population breeding in Hungary. In the period of 1999–2014 the number of breeding pairs and trend of population level was estimated based on the Common Bird Census database. The population size was estimated as 13,500–17,500 pairs with a stable trend (slope=-1.3%, SE=2.5%) over 1999– 2014. There is very limited information on migration from bird ringing, only 8 recoveries between 1928–1963 indicate, that the Hungarian population is migrating on a south-southeast direction in autumn, wintering in the eastern parts of the Sahel, possibly in Chad and Sudan and migrates back in spring following a loop migration pattern further to the east. The main conservation issues are agricultural intensification impacting feeding possibilities, lack of nesting cavities and hunting during migration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalOrnis Hungarica
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Breeding population
  • Conservation
  • Hungary
  • Migration
  • Upupa epops

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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