In Hungary, colorectal cancer is the second most common malignant disease. Due to its natural history, colorectal cancer is particularly suitable for screening. At present, epidemiological evidences of the effectiveness of detection of the symptomless colorectal cancer and its precursors are only available for the demonstration of fecal occult blood, endosocopic methods are also in use. For mass screening, fecal occult blood tests are recommended. Guaiac-type chemical methods are widely criticized because of the lack of specificity. Out of the emerging technologies, immunochemical methods based on the antigenicity of blood proteins (hemoglobin) seem to be the most suitable. In the model programmes organized in the frame of the National Public Health Programme, an immunochemical method using two blood proteins (hemoglobin and albumin) have been used. The compliance was not more than 30-45%. About one-third of those with positive blood test refused colonoscopy. The programmes revealed a great number of adenomatous polyps and early cancers, and in the way, the effectiveness of the method has been proved. The model programmes are still continued. Before the continuous and gradual extension of colorectal screening, the validity of the bisecific method needs to be tested and proved in order to be recognized as a routine procedure for screening. There is a need to test the feasibility of total colonoscopy, however, to this effect the colonoscopic capacity in the country has to be further developed.
|Translated title of the contribution||The state of the colorectal screening in Hungary: Lessons of the pilot programs|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 23 2007|
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