The simultaneous effect of heat stress and water supply on total polyphenol content of eggplant

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eggplant is considered as one of the healthiest vegetables due to its nutritional values. A 2-year open field experiment was set up in 2011 and 2012 to observe the effects of heat stress and different irrigation volumes on the amount of phenolic compounds, fibre and dry matter in eggplant fruits. The optimal irrigation volume (IO) was calculated from the daily potential evapotranspiration and was compared to a treatment utilising 50% of the optimal water volume (I50). We concluded that there was no significant difference between the irrigation levels in the aspect of total polyphenol and dry matter, but there was a decrease in fibre content. Yield was increased by 19.6% with irrigation in 2011 and by 4.44% in 2012. The effect of heat stress is closely related to harvest time. In our study we proved that more heat stress resulted in more total polyphenol content in eggplant, the equation describing this relation is y=39.322+0.501x. Heat stress also stimulated dry matter and fibre content, and this influence was also significant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-595
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Ecology and Environmental Research
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

eggplants
water supply
heat stress
polyphenols
irrigation rates
irrigation
dry matter
fiber content
potential evapotranspiration
phenolic compound
dry matter content
vegetable
evapotranspiration
phenolic compounds
dietary fiber
fruit
nutritive value
vegetables
fruits
effect

Keywords

  • Abiotic stress
  • Eggplant
  • Fibre content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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title = "The simultaneous effect of heat stress and water supply on total polyphenol content of eggplant",
abstract = "Eggplant is considered as one of the healthiest vegetables due to its nutritional values. A 2-year open field experiment was set up in 2011 and 2012 to observe the effects of heat stress and different irrigation volumes on the amount of phenolic compounds, fibre and dry matter in eggplant fruits. The optimal irrigation volume (IO) was calculated from the daily potential evapotranspiration and was compared to a treatment utilising 50{\%} of the optimal water volume (I50). We concluded that there was no significant difference between the irrigation levels in the aspect of total polyphenol and dry matter, but there was a decrease in fibre content. Yield was increased by 19.6{\%} with irrigation in 2011 and by 4.44{\%} in 2012. The effect of heat stress is closely related to harvest time. In our study we proved that more heat stress resulted in more total polyphenol content in eggplant, the equation describing this relation is y=39.322+0.501x. Heat stress also stimulated dry matter and fibre content, and this influence was also significant.",
keywords = "Abiotic stress, Eggplant, Fibre content",
author = "L. Helyes and Nagy, {Z. S.} and H. Daood and Z. P{\'e}k and A. Lugasi",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The simultaneous effect of heat stress and water supply on total polyphenol content of eggplant

AU - Helyes, L.

AU - Nagy, Z. S.

AU - Daood, H.

AU - Pék, Z.

AU - Lugasi, A.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Eggplant is considered as one of the healthiest vegetables due to its nutritional values. A 2-year open field experiment was set up in 2011 and 2012 to observe the effects of heat stress and different irrigation volumes on the amount of phenolic compounds, fibre and dry matter in eggplant fruits. The optimal irrigation volume (IO) was calculated from the daily potential evapotranspiration and was compared to a treatment utilising 50% of the optimal water volume (I50). We concluded that there was no significant difference between the irrigation levels in the aspect of total polyphenol and dry matter, but there was a decrease in fibre content. Yield was increased by 19.6% with irrigation in 2011 and by 4.44% in 2012. The effect of heat stress is closely related to harvest time. In our study we proved that more heat stress resulted in more total polyphenol content in eggplant, the equation describing this relation is y=39.322+0.501x. Heat stress also stimulated dry matter and fibre content, and this influence was also significant.

AB - Eggplant is considered as one of the healthiest vegetables due to its nutritional values. A 2-year open field experiment was set up in 2011 and 2012 to observe the effects of heat stress and different irrigation volumes on the amount of phenolic compounds, fibre and dry matter in eggplant fruits. The optimal irrigation volume (IO) was calculated from the daily potential evapotranspiration and was compared to a treatment utilising 50% of the optimal water volume (I50). We concluded that there was no significant difference between the irrigation levels in the aspect of total polyphenol and dry matter, but there was a decrease in fibre content. Yield was increased by 19.6% with irrigation in 2011 and by 4.44% in 2012. The effect of heat stress is closely related to harvest time. In our study we proved that more heat stress resulted in more total polyphenol content in eggplant, the equation describing this relation is y=39.322+0.501x. Heat stress also stimulated dry matter and fibre content, and this influence was also significant.

KW - Abiotic stress

KW - Eggplant

KW - Fibre content

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