A társadalmi összjóllét jelentosége és vizsgálatának lehetoségei a mai magyar társadalomban II. A GDP alakulása és az életminoség néhány trendje Magyarországon, 1990-2010

Translated title of the contribution: The significance of societal well-being and the possibility of its research in the contemporary Hungarian society II. The course of the GDP and trends in quality of life in Hungary, 1990 - 2010

Tamás Martos, Mária Kopp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the second part of our study we present a couple of possible relationships between economic growth and quality of life. Based on these assumptions, we make an attempt to describe the long term trend of well-being of the Hungarian population from the political changes in 1990 to the present days. Moreover, we connect these trends to the change of gross domestic product (GDP) of Hungary in the same time period. We analyze data from twelve surveys (Hungarostudy, European Values Study, European Social Survey, International Social Survey Program, total N = 42086 respondents) that assessed several important characteristics of well-being in Hungary in the last 20 years. We analyzed the following variables: self-rated health, happiness, satisfaction with life, general trust in others, social support and severity of depressive symptoms. On the whole results indicate two important associations. (1) The years after political changes in 1990 proved to be a nadir regarding well-being in the Hungarian society. In the following years a significant increase may be hypothesized while this was followed by signs of stagnation and decrease up to the present. (2) The association with the GDP is not unambiguous: while in the period between 1991 and 2000 well-being ran parallel with the increase in GDP, the data from the last decade indicated that well-being indicators (happiness, satisfaction, trust) may get worse even in times of economic growth (as represented in the increase of the GDP). Finally, our results reinforce the need for the monitoring of well-being on the societal level, that is, for the evolvement and regular assessment of a National Well-being Index.

Translated title of the contributionThe significance of societal well-being and the possibility of its research in the contemporary Hungarian society II. The course of the GDP and trends in quality of life in Hungary, 1990 - 2010
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)375-394
Number of pages20
JournalMentalhigiene es Pszichoszomatika
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The significance of societal well-being and the possibility of its research in the contemporary Hungarian society II. The course of the GDP and trends in quality of life in Hungary, 1990 - 2010'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this