In the second part of our study we present a couple of possible relationships between economic growth and quality of life. Based on these assumptions, we make an attempt to describe the long term trend of well-being of the Hungarian population from the political changes in 1990 to the present days. Moreover, we connect these trends to the change of gross domestic product (GDP) of Hungary in the same time period. We analyze data from twelve surveys (Hungarostudy, European Values Study, European Social Survey, International Social Survey Program, total N = 42086 respondents) that assessed several important characteristics of well-being in Hungary in the last 20 years. We analyzed the following variables: self-rated health, happiness, satisfaction with life, general trust in others, social support and severity of depressive symptoms. On the whole results indicate two important associations. (1) The years after political changes in 1990 proved to be a nadir regarding well-being in the Hungarian society. In the following years a significant increase may be hypothesized while this was followed by signs of stagnation and decrease up to the present. (2) The association with the GDP is not unambiguous: while in the period between 1991 and 2000 well-being ran parallel with the increase in GDP, the data from the last decade indicated that well-being indicators (happiness, satisfaction, trust) may get worse even in times of economic growth (as represented in the increase of the GDP). Finally, our results reinforce the need for the monitoring of well-being on the societal level, that is, for the evolvement and regular assessment of a National Well-being Index.
|Translated title of the contribution||The significance of societal well-being and the possibility of its research in the contemporary Hungarian society II. The course of the GDP and trends in quality of life in Hungary, 1990 - 2010|
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Mentalhigiene es Pszichoszomatika|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health