The concept that voltage-dependent Ca2+ influx is essential in the aldosterone stimulating action of angiotensin II (AII) has been recently challenged by the demonstration of the dihydropyridine (DHP) insensitive 'capacitative' Ca2+ uptake mechanism. The DHP-sensitivity of AII-induced aldosterone secretion is still to be explained. In rat glomerulosa cells the lag phase of AII-induced depolarization is more than 30 s, and there is no enhanced Ca2+ influx within the first min of stimulation. Yet we observed that DHPs as well as diltiazem influenced also the peak of cytoplasmic Ca2+ signal, although the peak (≈12 s) is attributed to Ca2+ release alone. Nifedipine reduced the Ca2+ transient induced by AII even after complete inhibition of Ca2+ channel activity. Recalling the loose attachment of InsP3 receptors (TP3R) to the plasma membrane, and the homology between the cytosolic domain of IP3R and the Ca2+ release channel (ryanodine receptor) of skeletal muscle, we proposed that DHP-sensitive L-type Ca2+ channels (DHP receptors) influence InsP3 - induced Ca2+ release rather than Ca2+ influx in AII-stimulated cells. Although the dominant isoform is the neuroendocrine (D) one, the skeletal muscle isoform of L-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel is also expressed in rat glomerulosa cells. This isoform may be a candidate for protein-protein interaction between DHPR and subplasmalemmal IP3R, similarly to that occurring between DHP receptors and ryanodine receptors in skeletal muscle.
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