The role of the surface free energy in the selection of a suitable excipient in the course of a wet-granulation method

Zs Tüske, G. Regdon, I. Eros, S. Srčič, K. Pintye-Hódi

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26 Citations (Scopus)


Pellets containing metronidazole were produced in a centrifugal granulator, with hydroxypropylcellulose (Klucel LF®) as binding agent, and corn starch, microcrystalline cellulose (Vivapur 101®) and lactose as excipients. The wettability of the pharmaceutical powders was assessed by means of contact angle measurements, and the dispersive and polar surface energies were determined. The spreading coefficients, the work of adhesion and the work of cohesion were calculated and correlated with the pellet properties (friability, bulk and tapped density, and porosity). The aim was to investigate the role of the surface free energy of one- and two-component powder compositions in pellet production. The interactions between the particles were found to be connected with the measured pellet parameters. It was concluded that, in the course of the growth of the pellets, the particle sizes of the pharmaceutical powders and the interactions between them are important. If the work of cohesion of the binder is lower than the work of cohesion of the substrate and the work of adhesion, then the optimal amount of the binding agent is that which coats the particles uniformly in minimal quantity and in continuous layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-144
Number of pages6
JournalPowder Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 20 2005



  • Contact angle
  • Pelletization
  • Spreading coefficient
  • Surface free energy
  • Wilhelmy plate technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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