The role of the COOH terminus of Sec2p in the transport of post-Golgi vesicles

N. Barry Elkind, Christiane Walch-Solimena, Peter J. Novick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sec2p is required for the polarized transport of secretory vesicles in S. cerevisiae. The Sec2p NH2 terminus encodes an exchange factor for the Rab protein Sec4p. Sec2p associates with vesicles and in Sec2p COOH-terminal mutants Sec4p and vesicles no longer accumulate at bud tips. Thus, the Sec2p COOH terminus functions in targeting vesicles, however, the mechanism of function is unknown. We found comparable exchange activity for truncated and full-length Sec2 proteins, implying that the COOH terminus does not alter the exchange rate. Full-length Sec2-GFP, similar to Sec4p, concentrates at bud tips. A COOH-terminal 58-amino acid domain is necessary but not sufficient for localization. Sec2p localization depends on actin, Myo2p and Sec1p, Sec6p, and Sec9p function. Full-length, but not COOH-terminally truncated Sec2 proteins are enriched on membranes. Membrane association of full-length Sec2p is reduced in sec6-4 and sec9-4 backgrounds at 37°C but unaffected at 25°C. Taken together, these data correlate loss of localization of Sec2 proteins with reduced membrane association. In addition, Sec2p membrane attachment is substantially Sec4p independent, supporting the notion that Sec2p interacts with membranes via an unidentified Sec2p receptor, which would increase the accessibility of Sec2p exchange activity for Sec4p.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-110
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume149
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 3 2000

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Keywords

  • Exchange factor
  • Rab
  • Transport
  • Vesicles
  • Yeast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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