The role of sentinel node biopsy in male breast cancer

Róbert Maráz, Gábor Boross, József Pap-Szekeres, László Markó, Mária Rajtár, Éva Ambrózay, R. Bori, G. Cserni

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is a standard procedure in women with breast cancer. The risk of morbidity related to axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is similar for men and women with breast cancer and SLNB could minimize this risk. Methods: Between January 2004 and August 2013, 25 men with primary breast cancer were operated on at the Bács-Kiskun County Teaching Hospital. These were reviewed retrospectively. SLNB was performed following lymphoscintigraphy with intraoperative gamma probe detection and blue dye mapping. Results: SLNB was successful in all 16 male patients (100 %), in whom it was attempted. The SLNs were negative in 4 cases (25 %) and were involved in 12. Intraoperative imprint cytology was positive in 9 of the 12 involved cases (75 %) and resulted immediate completion ALND. In 7 patients, the intraoperative imprint cytology was negative, with 3 false-negative results that resulted in delayed completion ALND. After a median follow-up of 48 months, there was only one axillary recurrence after ALND and none in the SLNB group. Conclusions: SLNB is successful and accurate in male breast cancer patients too. Although compared to women a larger proportion of men have positive nodes, for men with negative nodes, ALND-related morbidity may be reduced by SLNB. We recommend SLNB in male patients with breast cancer and clinically negative axilla.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalBreast Cancer
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Axillary block dissection
  • Male breast cancer
  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Maráz, R., Boross, G., Pap-Szekeres, J., Markó, L., Rajtár, M., Ambrózay, É., Bori, R., & Cserni, G. (2016). The role of sentinel node biopsy in male breast cancer. Breast Cancer, 23(1), 85-91.