The role of region IVS5 of the human cardiac calcium channel in establishing inactivated channel conformation: Use-dependent block by benzothiazepines

Ilona Bodi, Sheryl E. Koch, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Gyula P. Szigeti, Arnold Schwartz, Gyula Varadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of inactivated channel conformation and use dependence for diltiazem, a specific benzothiazepine calcium channel inhibitor, was studied in chimeric constructs and point mutants created in the IVS5 transmembrane segment of the L-type cardiac calcium channel. All mutations, chimeric or point mutations, were restricted to IVS5, while the YAI-containing segment in IVS6, i.e. the primary interaction site with benzothiazepines, remained intact. Slowed inactivation rate and incomplete steady state inactivation, a behavior of some mutants, were accompanied by a reduced or by a complete loss of use-dependent block by diltiazem. Single channel properties of mutants that lost use dependence toward diltiazem were characterized by drastically elongated mean open times and distinctly slower time constants of open time distribution. Mutation of individual residues of the IVMLF segment in IVS5 did not mimic the complete loss of use dependence as observed for the replacement of the whole stretch. These results establish evidence that amino acids that govern inactivation and the drug-binding site and other amino acids that are located distal from the putative drug-binding site contribute significantly to the function of the benzothiazepine receptor region. The data are consistent with a complex "pocket" conformation that is responsive to a specific class of L-type calcium channel inhibitors. The data allow for a concept that multiple sites within regions of the α1 subunit contribute to auto-regulation of the L-type Ca2+ channel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20651-20659
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 7 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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