The role of parent-adolescent connection in child welfare: A study of high school students in Transylvania, Romania

Laszlo Brassai, Bettina F. Piko

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Child welfare is closely related to parent-child connection. Adolescence is particularly a difficult transition period influencing child welfare. Problems between adolescents and their parents may be detected by indicators of child welfare, among others, adolescent substance us. This study presents the results of a research with a sample of Transylvanian youth (in Saint George, Romania). Data collection was going on in a sample of high school students and the study included items measuring frequencies of smoking, alcohol use and illicit drug use as well as aspects of familial influences of youth's substance use (such as family structure, the quality of the relationship with parents, parental conflicts and the ways of coping with them). Based on a comparison of prevalence rates and frequency distributions, we may conclude that the initiation of substance use may be dated at around 15-16 years of age. Regarding frequencies of smoking and alcohol use, most students have already tried or used them regularly. Gender, family structure, and conflicts with parents proved to be risk factors for all types of substance use. Based on the analysis of parent-child connection, authoritative/supportive parenting style of mother and authoritarian/hard parenting style of father seem to be protective against adolescent substance use. These results may highlight the role of cultural variations in child welfare since parenting efficacy may depend on the special cultural context.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChild Welfare Issues and Perspectives
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages55-76
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9781606926598
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2009

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Child welfare
  • Familial influences
  • Parental conflict
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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    Brassai, L., & Piko, B. F. (2009). The role of parent-adolescent connection in child welfare: A study of high school students in Transylvania, Romania. In Child Welfare Issues and Perspectives (pp. 55-76). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..