A hyperglykaemia szerepe a diabetes mellitus kesoi szovodmenyeinek kialakulasaban

Translated title of the contribution: The role of hyperglycaemia in the pathogenesis of chronic diabetic complications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Hyperglycaemia has an important pathogenic role in the development of chronic diabetic complications. Elevated blood glucose level damages tissues by causing both acute, reversible changes in cellular metabolism and cumulative, irreversible alterations in stable macromolecules. Among the reversible abnormalities are the increased polyol pathway activity, the modified activation of protein kinase C, the enhanced oxidative stress and the formation of early glycosylation products. The most important irreversible change caused by hyperglycaemia is the formation and the accumulation of advanced glycosylation end-products (AGEs). The AGEs destroy the structure of basement membrane and the extracellular matrix, impair the endothelial and the vascular smooth muscle cell function and promote the thrombogenic changes. It is suggested that mitogen-activated protein kinases may be involved in the biochemical anomalies arising form hyperglycaemia.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)40-48
Number of pages9
JournalLege Artis Medicinae
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Diabetes Complications
Hyperglycemia
Advanced Glycosylation End Products
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Glycosylation
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Basement Membrane
Protein Kinase C
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Extracellular Matrix
Blood Glucose
Oxidative Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

A hyperglykaemia szerepe a diabetes mellitus kesoi szovodmenyeinek kialakulasaban. / Hosszúfalusi, N.

In: Lege Artis Medicinae, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2000, p. 40-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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