Örökletes és környezeti tényezok szerepe autoimmun pajzsmirigybetegségekben

Translated title of the contribution: The role of hereditary and environmental factors in autoimmune thyroid diseases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autoimmune thyroid diseases are the most common organ-specific autoimmune disorders affecting 5% to 10% of the population in Western countries. The clinical presentation varies from hyperthyroidism in Graves' disease to hypothyroidism in Hashimoto's thyroiditis. While the exact etiology of thyroid autoimmunity is not known, the interaction between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors appears to be of fundamental importance to initiate the process of thyroid autoimmunity. The identified autoimmune thyroid disease susceptibility genes include immune-modulating genes, such as the major histocompatibility complex, and thyroid-specific genes, including TSH receptor, thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase. The majority of the anti-TSH-receptor antibodies have a stimulating capacity and are responsible for hyperthyroidism. The anti-thyroglobulin- and anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies belonging to the catalytic type of antibodies destroy the thyrocytes resulting in hypothyroidism. The appearance of anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies precedes the induction of thyroiditis and the manifestation of hypothyroidism. The molecular analysis of thyroglobulin gene polymorphism is important in the mechanism of autoimmune thyroiditis. The autoantigen presentation by major histocompatibility complex molecules is a key point of the autoimmune mechanism. It has been shown that a HLA-DR variant containing arginine at position 74 of the DRβ1 chain confers a strong genetic susceptibility to autoimmune thyroid diseases, Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, while glutamine at position DRβ1-74 is protective. Human thyroglobulin 2098 peptide represents a strong and specific DRβ1-Arg74 binder, while a non-binding control peptide, thyroglobulin 2766 fails to induce this response. Moreover, thyroglobulin 2098 stimulated T-cells from individuals who were positive for thyroglobulin antibodies, demonstrating that thyroglobulin 2098 is an immunogenic peptide capable of being presented in vivo and activating T-cells in autoimmune thyroid diseases. Taken together these findings suggest that thyroglobulin 2098, a strong and specific binder to the disease-associated HLA-DRβ1-Arg74, is a major human T-cell epitope and it participates in the pathomechanism of the autoimmune thyroid disease. The exact nature of the role of environmental factors in the autoimmune thyroid disease is still not well known, but the importance of several factors such as iodine, drugs and infections has been reported. Further knowledge of the precise mechanisms of interaction between environmental factors and genes in inducing thyroid autoimmunity could result in the development of new strategies for diagnosis, prevention and treatment.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)1013-1022
Number of pages10
JournalOrvosi Hetilap
Volume153
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2012

Fingerprint

Thyroglobulin
Thyroid Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Iodide Peroxidase
Thyroid Gland
Hypothyroidism
Autoimmunity
Hashimoto Disease
Genes
Graves Disease
Hyperthyroidism
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Major Histocompatibility Complex
Peptides
Antibodies
HLA-DR1 Antigen
Catalytic Antibodies
T-Lymphocytes
Autoimmune Thyroiditis
Thyrotropin Receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Örökletes és környezeti tényezok szerepe autoimmun pajzsmirigybetegségekben. / Balázs, C.

In: Orvosi Hetilap, Vol. 153, No. 26, 01.07.2012, p. 1013-1022.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3d66aaf2365c456587d4c264702edac1,
title = "{\"O}r{\"o}kletes {\'e}s k{\"o}rnyezeti t{\'e}nyezok szerepe autoimmun pajzsmirigybetegs{\'e}gekben",
abstract = "Autoimmune thyroid diseases are the most common organ-specific autoimmune disorders affecting 5{\%} to 10{\%} of the population in Western countries. The clinical presentation varies from hyperthyroidism in Graves' disease to hypothyroidism in Hashimoto's thyroiditis. While the exact etiology of thyroid autoimmunity is not known, the interaction between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors appears to be of fundamental importance to initiate the process of thyroid autoimmunity. The identified autoimmune thyroid disease susceptibility genes include immune-modulating genes, such as the major histocompatibility complex, and thyroid-specific genes, including TSH receptor, thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase. The majority of the anti-TSH-receptor antibodies have a stimulating capacity and are responsible for hyperthyroidism. The anti-thyroglobulin- and anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies belonging to the catalytic type of antibodies destroy the thyrocytes resulting in hypothyroidism. The appearance of anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies precedes the induction of thyroiditis and the manifestation of hypothyroidism. The molecular analysis of thyroglobulin gene polymorphism is important in the mechanism of autoimmune thyroiditis. The autoantigen presentation by major histocompatibility complex molecules is a key point of the autoimmune mechanism. It has been shown that a HLA-DR variant containing arginine at position 74 of the DRβ1 chain confers a strong genetic susceptibility to autoimmune thyroid diseases, Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, while glutamine at position DRβ1-74 is protective. Human thyroglobulin 2098 peptide represents a strong and specific DRβ1-Arg74 binder, while a non-binding control peptide, thyroglobulin 2766 fails to induce this response. Moreover, thyroglobulin 2098 stimulated T-cells from individuals who were positive for thyroglobulin antibodies, demonstrating that thyroglobulin 2098 is an immunogenic peptide capable of being presented in vivo and activating T-cells in autoimmune thyroid diseases. Taken together these findings suggest that thyroglobulin 2098, a strong and specific binder to the disease-associated HLA-DRβ1-Arg74, is a major human T-cell epitope and it participates in the pathomechanism of the autoimmune thyroid disease. The exact nature of the role of environmental factors in the autoimmune thyroid disease is still not well known, but the importance of several factors such as iodine, drugs and infections has been reported. Further knowledge of the precise mechanisms of interaction between environmental factors and genes in inducing thyroid autoimmunity could result in the development of new strategies for diagnosis, prevention and treatment.",
keywords = "autoantigen presentation, Graves' disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, HLA-DR molecule, major histocompatibility complex, thyroglobulin, thyroid peroxidase enzyme, TSH receptor",
author = "C. Bal{\'a}zs",
year = "2012",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1556/OH.2012.29370",
language = "Hungarian",
volume = "153",
pages = "1013--1022",
journal = "Orvosi Hetilap",
issn = "0030-6002",
publisher = "Akademiai Kiado",
number = "26",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Örökletes és környezeti tényezok szerepe autoimmun pajzsmirigybetegségekben

AU - Balázs, C.

PY - 2012/7/1

Y1 - 2012/7/1

N2 - Autoimmune thyroid diseases are the most common organ-specific autoimmune disorders affecting 5% to 10% of the population in Western countries. The clinical presentation varies from hyperthyroidism in Graves' disease to hypothyroidism in Hashimoto's thyroiditis. While the exact etiology of thyroid autoimmunity is not known, the interaction between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors appears to be of fundamental importance to initiate the process of thyroid autoimmunity. The identified autoimmune thyroid disease susceptibility genes include immune-modulating genes, such as the major histocompatibility complex, and thyroid-specific genes, including TSH receptor, thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase. The majority of the anti-TSH-receptor antibodies have a stimulating capacity and are responsible for hyperthyroidism. The anti-thyroglobulin- and anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies belonging to the catalytic type of antibodies destroy the thyrocytes resulting in hypothyroidism. The appearance of anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies precedes the induction of thyroiditis and the manifestation of hypothyroidism. The molecular analysis of thyroglobulin gene polymorphism is important in the mechanism of autoimmune thyroiditis. The autoantigen presentation by major histocompatibility complex molecules is a key point of the autoimmune mechanism. It has been shown that a HLA-DR variant containing arginine at position 74 of the DRβ1 chain confers a strong genetic susceptibility to autoimmune thyroid diseases, Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, while glutamine at position DRβ1-74 is protective. Human thyroglobulin 2098 peptide represents a strong and specific DRβ1-Arg74 binder, while a non-binding control peptide, thyroglobulin 2766 fails to induce this response. Moreover, thyroglobulin 2098 stimulated T-cells from individuals who were positive for thyroglobulin antibodies, demonstrating that thyroglobulin 2098 is an immunogenic peptide capable of being presented in vivo and activating T-cells in autoimmune thyroid diseases. Taken together these findings suggest that thyroglobulin 2098, a strong and specific binder to the disease-associated HLA-DRβ1-Arg74, is a major human T-cell epitope and it participates in the pathomechanism of the autoimmune thyroid disease. The exact nature of the role of environmental factors in the autoimmune thyroid disease is still not well known, but the importance of several factors such as iodine, drugs and infections has been reported. Further knowledge of the precise mechanisms of interaction between environmental factors and genes in inducing thyroid autoimmunity could result in the development of new strategies for diagnosis, prevention and treatment.

AB - Autoimmune thyroid diseases are the most common organ-specific autoimmune disorders affecting 5% to 10% of the population in Western countries. The clinical presentation varies from hyperthyroidism in Graves' disease to hypothyroidism in Hashimoto's thyroiditis. While the exact etiology of thyroid autoimmunity is not known, the interaction between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors appears to be of fundamental importance to initiate the process of thyroid autoimmunity. The identified autoimmune thyroid disease susceptibility genes include immune-modulating genes, such as the major histocompatibility complex, and thyroid-specific genes, including TSH receptor, thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase. The majority of the anti-TSH-receptor antibodies have a stimulating capacity and are responsible for hyperthyroidism. The anti-thyroglobulin- and anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies belonging to the catalytic type of antibodies destroy the thyrocytes resulting in hypothyroidism. The appearance of anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies precedes the induction of thyroiditis and the manifestation of hypothyroidism. The molecular analysis of thyroglobulin gene polymorphism is important in the mechanism of autoimmune thyroiditis. The autoantigen presentation by major histocompatibility complex molecules is a key point of the autoimmune mechanism. It has been shown that a HLA-DR variant containing arginine at position 74 of the DRβ1 chain confers a strong genetic susceptibility to autoimmune thyroid diseases, Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, while glutamine at position DRβ1-74 is protective. Human thyroglobulin 2098 peptide represents a strong and specific DRβ1-Arg74 binder, while a non-binding control peptide, thyroglobulin 2766 fails to induce this response. Moreover, thyroglobulin 2098 stimulated T-cells from individuals who were positive for thyroglobulin antibodies, demonstrating that thyroglobulin 2098 is an immunogenic peptide capable of being presented in vivo and activating T-cells in autoimmune thyroid diseases. Taken together these findings suggest that thyroglobulin 2098, a strong and specific binder to the disease-associated HLA-DRβ1-Arg74, is a major human T-cell epitope and it participates in the pathomechanism of the autoimmune thyroid disease. The exact nature of the role of environmental factors in the autoimmune thyroid disease is still not well known, but the importance of several factors such as iodine, drugs and infections has been reported. Further knowledge of the precise mechanisms of interaction between environmental factors and genes in inducing thyroid autoimmunity could result in the development of new strategies for diagnosis, prevention and treatment.

KW - autoantigen presentation

KW - Graves' disease

KW - Hashimoto's thyroiditis

KW - HLA-DR molecule

KW - major histocompatibility complex

KW - thyroglobulin

KW - thyroid peroxidase enzyme

KW - TSH receptor

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863190279&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84863190279&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1556/OH.2012.29370

DO - 10.1556/OH.2012.29370

M3 - Article

C2 - 22735372

AN - SCOPUS:84863190279

VL - 153

SP - 1013

EP - 1022

JO - Orvosi Hetilap

JF - Orvosi Hetilap

SN - 0030-6002

IS - 26

ER -