Measurement of exchangeable sodium by isotope dilution is a relatively simple, reliable method for the determination of body sodium contents, which can be used in the clinical practice without significant health hazard to the patient. When computed to body surface area, the values for exchangeable sodium can be compared in patients of different body build. Exchangeable sodium may be variably increased in different clinical conditions associated with hypertension, thus increased sodium contents of the body is of major importance in the pathogenesis of hypertension caused by all forms of mineralocorticoid excess, and in the majority of patients with chronic renal insufficiency. In several endocrine disorders, e. g., acromegaly, hypothyroidism, increased sodium space does not play any significant part in the pathogenesis of hypertension. In diabetes mellitus, exchangeable sodium may be increased already prior to the development of hypertension, however it is still a matter of debate whether this abnormality is involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension in these patients. It seems now beyond any doubt that body sodium is normal in patients with essential hypertension, including those with the low renin form of the disease; nevertheless, some data indicate that blood pressure may be volume dependent in elderly patients with essential hypertension.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 1990|
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