In this study, the Xbal polymorphisms of the estrogen-, the Bsml polymorphism of the vitamin D- as well as the A986S polymorphism of the calcium-sensing receptor genes were investigated in 56 patients with colorectal cancer. The expression of erbB-2, epidermal growth factor receptor, ras, p53 and their relationship to estrogen-, vitamin D- and calcium-sensing receptor genotypes were also studied. In subjects exhibiting XX genotype of the estrogen receptor gene or bb genotype of the vitamin D receptor gene, erbB-2 expression was significantly lower compared to those with xx, Xx or BB, Bb (6/56 and 11/56 vs. 31/56 and 26/56; p = 0.0043 and 0.041). The presence of the XX alleles of estrogen receptor gene significantly correlated with the overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor expression in tumors, whereas in xx and Xx genotypes, significantly higher expression was seen (7/56 vs. 30/56; p = 0.049). Analyzing the combinations of the two gene allelic variants, we have found XXbb genotype to be associated with a significantly lower erbB-2 expression, compared to other combinations (Xxbb, XxBb, XXBb) (2/7 vs. 7/7, 4/5, 4/5; p = 0.0011). Patients with AA calcium-sensing receptor genotype were in higher UICC stages at the time of discovery of their disease than those with AS genotype. The AA allelic variant of the calcium-sensing gene was more frequent among patients with colorectal cancer compared to controls (36/56 vs. 36/112; p = 0.0004). Our observations raise the possibility that estrogen-, and vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms accompanied with variable oncogene expression might influence the pathogenic processes resulting in the development of colorectal cancer. The A986S polymorphism of calcium-sensing receptor might also be a prognostic marker of the disease.
|Translated title of the contribution||The role of estrogen receptor, vitamin D receptor and calcium receptor genotypes in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - May 6 2001|
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