The role of entropy in initializing the aggregation of peptides: A first principle study on oligopeptide oligomerization

Gábor Pohl, Imre Jákli, Imre G. Csizmadia, Dóra Papp, Garibotto Francisco Matías, András Perczel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The initiation and progression of Alzheimer's disease is coupled to the oligo- and polymerization of amyloid peptides in the brain. Amyloid like aggregates of protein domains were found practically independent of their primary sequences. Thus, the driving force of the transformation from the original to a disordered amyloid fold is expected to lie in the protein backbone common to all proteins. In order to investigate the thermodynamics of oligomerization, full geometry optimizations and frequency calculations were performed both on parallel and antiparallel β-pleated sheet model structures of [HCO-(Ala) 1-6-NH 2] 2 and (For-Ala 1-2-NH 2) 1-6 peptides, both at the B3LYP and M05-2X/6-311++G(d,p)//M05-2X/6-31G(d) levels of theory, both in vacuum and in water. Our results show that relative entropy and enthalpy both show a hyperbolic decrease with increasing residue number and with increasing number of strands as well. Thus, di- and oligomerization are always thermodynamically favored. Antiparallel arrangements were found to have greater stability than parallel arrangements of the polypeptide backbones. During our study the relative changes in thermodynamic functions are found to be constant for long enough peptides, indicating that stability and entropy terms are predictable. All thermodynamic functions of antiparallel di- and oligomers show a staggered nature along the increasing residue number. By identifying and analyzing the 6 newly emerging dimer vibrational modes of the 10- and 14-membered building units, the staggered nature of the entropy function can be rationalized. Thus, the vanishing rotational and translational modes with respect to single strands are converted into entropy terms "holding tight" the dimers and oligomers formed, rationalizing the intrinsic adherence of natural polypeptide backbones to aggregate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1507-1516
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 28 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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