The prevalence of dental caries in Hungary is still very high. Therefore the use of complex methods for the prevention of it is mandatory. Fluoride prevention of dental caries includes systemic and/or topical ways of use. Systemic methods induce water fluoridation: drinking water implementation artificially with fluorides in a concentration of 1 mg/l, results in about 50% reduction in the prevalence of dental caries, similar to drinking water containing optimal quantity (about 1 ppm) of fluoride; salt fluoridation which was first introduced in Switzerland in 1955, then in Columbia, Spain and Hungary resulted in an 50-60% caries reduction; fluoridation of milk is a promising method, but an appropriate infrastructure is needed; fluoride tablets at the appropriate age and time results in a caries reduction between 30-60%. Among topical methods the use of fluoridated toothpastes is the most widespread. About 95% of the toothpastes in commercial use in the civilised countries contain fluoride. For professional use solutions and gelees are available. According to the WHO policy, and with regard to the high caries prevalence, systemic fluoridation seems absolutely necessary in Hungary. The Colleges for Dentistry and Public Health in Hungary, as well as recently (1997) the Hungarian Academy of Sciences recommend the introduction of domestic salt fluoridation for caries preventive purposes at the earliest convenience.
|Translated title of the contribution||The role and significance of fluorides in the prevention of dental caries - The International and Hungarian situation|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Lege Artis Medicinae|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 9 1998|
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