A családorvos szerepe, lehetoségei az obstruktív alvási apnoe szindróma szurésében, felismerésében

Translated title of the contribution: The role and scope of screening and diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea syndrome by the family physician

János Kristóf Annus, Ágnes Ádám, Ádám Becze, Dalma Csatlós, Andrea László, L. Kalabay, Zoltán Szakács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders play an increasingly important role in everyday clinical practice of family physicians. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a significant disorder of this disease group due to its relatively high incidence rate and increasing risk of adverse medical outcomes in the course of time. The prevalence of OSAS is 2-4% in the general population. It is characterized by obstructive apneas and hypopneas mostly with desaturations and/or arousals caused by the repetitive collapse of the upper airway during sleep. Besides impairing sleep efficacy and daytime neurocognitive functions, OSAS increases cardiovascular risk as well. The typical clinical presentation is an excessive daytime sleepiness and loud snoring interrupted by brief pauses of breathing. It can be a risk factor for treatmentresistant and/or non-dipper hypertension, nocturnal cardiac arrhythmias, stroke, cognitive decline and depression. The importance of OSAS is presented by the fact that -according to the latest related Hungarian law reforms -risk evaluation of the disorder is part of the medical assessment of suitability for a driving license. The family physician's tasks are to recognize the clinical symptoms, identify high-risk patients with potential complications who need adequate treatment and eventually guide them to sleep-diagnostic centers.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)255-263
Number of pages9
JournalLege Artis Medicinae
Volume26
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Annus, J. K., Ádám, Á., Becze, Á., Csatlós, D., László, A., Kalabay, L., & Szakács, Z. (2016). A családorvos szerepe, lehetoségei az obstruktív alvási apnoe szindróma szurésében, felismerésében. Lege Artis Medicinae, 26(5-6), 255-263.