The relationship of emotion regulation and emotional intelligence in a cognitive reappraisal task

Bodrogi Barbara, T. Bereczkei, Deák Anita

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The existence of numerous trends in affective psychology demonstrates the complexity and diversity of emotional phenomena. The literature of emotion regulation and emotional intelligence focuses on different aspects of affective processes. Emotion regulation describes which emotions, when, and how long are experienced, moreover, what emotions and how are expressed? Experts of emotional intelligence (EI) seek out the individual differences in identifcation, understanding, expression and regulation of emotions. In this paper, we integrate these two research felds. We examined the influence of emotional intelligence on emotion regulation based on self-report questionnaires and a cognitive reappraisal task developed by us. In this task, the same visual stimulus appeared with two different titles. Participants were asked to interpret the picture according to the title, imagine the scene and let their emotions flow. We registered participants' affective responses before and after the cognitive reappraisal task, and the subjective diffculty of shifting between the two interpretations of the same stimulus. According to the results, participants with higher level of emotional intelligence have less diffculty in emotion regulation and fnd the cognitive reappraisal task easier than participants with lower level of EI. People with higher EI experience less pleasant and more intense emotions before cognitive reappraisal occurs. As a result of cognitive emotion regulation they modify the affective states into a more positive direction and decrease the intensity. Consequently, we conclude that emotional intelligence positively influences emotion regulation process. The higher the level of emotional intelligence, the more effective and more flexible the emotion regulation. Furthermore, our study supports previous fndings claiming that people with high EI deepen in emotions and face with negative emotions instead of avoiding them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-531
Number of pages23
JournalMagyar Pszichologiai Szemle
Volume72
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

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Emotional Intelligence
Emotions
Expressed Emotion
Individuality
Self Report

Keywords

  • Arousal
  • Cognitive reappraisal
  • Emotion regulation
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Flexibility
  • IAPS pictures
  • Valence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

The relationship of emotion regulation and emotional intelligence in a cognitive reappraisal task. / Barbara, Bodrogi; Bereczkei, T.; Anita, Deák.

In: Magyar Pszichologiai Szemle, Vol. 72, No. 4, 01.12.2017, p. 509-531.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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