The relations between the origin and some basic physical and chemical properties of bentonite rocks illustrating on the example of Sarmatian bentonite site at Sajóbábony (HU)

Noémi M. Nagy, József Kónya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five bentonite samples (35-47% montmorillonite) from a Sarmatian sediment series with bentonite sites around Sajóbábony (Hungary) were studied. Some of these samples were tuffogenic bentonite (sedimentary), the others were bentonitized tuff with volcano sedimentary origin. The mineral composition, particle size distribution, specific surface area, cation exchange capacity, acid-base properties of the edge sites, swelling, adsorption and migration rate of different substances were studied. We found that some characteristic properties of bentonites are mainly determined by montmorillonite content but others depend on the origin. The montmorillonite content determines the cation exchange capacity and caesium ion sorption properties. These properties depend on the layer charges of montmorillonite. The origin of bentonite determines the particle size distribution, consequently the specific surface area determined by BET method and acid-base properties of the edge sites. The quantity of the edge sites mainly depends on the specific surface area. The swelling and migration of a non-adsorbing ion in bentonite shows no direct relations to the montmorillonite content or the origin. These processes are influenced by several factors. As a consequence, the properties and the application possibilities of bentonites are not determined alone by the montmorillonite content, the origin has also an important role. The paper studies a special Hungarian bentonite site so in this respect it has local significance. However, the consequences, that is the effort about the search of relation between the bentonites and their properties, are general and valid for other bentonites, too.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-267
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume28
Issue number1-4 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2005

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Bentonite
  • Migration
  • Montmorillonite
  • Surface complexation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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