Hepatitis C-vírus kiújulása májátültetés után

Translated title of the contribution: The recurrence of hepatitis C virus after liver transplantation

Balázs Nemes, Eniko Sárváry, Zsuzsa Gerlei, János Fazakas, Attila Doros, Andrea Németh, Dénes Görög, Imre Fehérvári, Zoltán Máthé, Zsuzsa Gálffy, Alajos Pár, János Schuller, László Telegdy, János Fehér, Gábor Lotz, Zsuzsa Schaff, Péter Nagy, Jeno Járay, Gabriella Lengyel

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main indication of the Hungarian Liver Transplant Program is liver cirrhosis caused by hepatitis C. Aim: Authors present the results of liver transplantations performed due to HCV infection. Method: The data (donor-, recipient-, perioperative characteristics, survival, serum titer of C RNA, histology) of 111 HCV positive recipients were evaluated, that are 37.6% of the 295 patients, who were transplanted since 1995 till the closure of this report. Results: Twenty-two (22) of them (20%) died in the early postoperative period, for other reasons, before the recurrence of the HCV was detectable. Among the 89 HCV-positive patients the recurrence of the HCV is still not detected in 16 cases (18%), and there is a histology-proven recurrence in 73 cases (82%). In 40 cases (56%) the viral recurrence was proven within 1 year after OLT, while in 32 cases (44%) over 1 year. The cumulative 1, 3, 5, and 10 years patient survival is 73%, 67%, 56% and 49%, among HCV-positive patients and 80%, 74%, 70% and 70% among HCV-negatives. The difference is significant. The cumulative graft survival at the same time points is 72%, 66%, 56% and 49% among HCV-positives and 76%, 72%, 68% and 68% among HCV-negatives, which is a non-significant difference. The serum titer of HCV-RNA was significantly higher among those HCV-patients who had an early viral recurrence within 1 year, compared to those who had a late one. In case of an early HCV-recurrence the Knodell-score was significantly higher in the 6 months postransplant biopsy than that of in case of late viral recurrence, however, less fibrosis was observed in early recurrence. Conclusions: An early HCV recurrence can be expected in case of an older donor, with a marginal or fatty liver graft transplanted with a higher transfusion need and having an acute rejection treated with steroid bolus in the postoperative period. The protocol of the postoperative antiviral treatment differs from the average: the so-called "stop-rule" cannot be applied, since less then 10% of the recipients are expected to turn to HCV-PCR-negative due to the immunosuppression. The combined interferon + ribavirin treatment is maintained in spite of RNA-positive state, further, a second or third course of treatment might also be applied. The prolonged and - in case if necessary - repeated antiviral treatment prevents fibrosis, and therefore rate of retransplantation need. The better is the general state of the patient the results of a secondary liver transplantation are better as well. MELD-score can help to set the exact timing for a reOLT.

Translated title of the contributionThe recurrence of hepatitis C virus after liver transplantation
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)1971-1979
Number of pages9
JournalOrvosi hetilap
Volume148
Issue number42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 21 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Nemes, B., Sárváry, E., Gerlei, Z., Fazakas, J., Doros, A., Németh, A., Görög, D., Fehérvári, I., Máthé, Z., Gálffy, Z., Pár, A., Schuller, J., Telegdy, L., Fehér, J., Lotz, G., Schaff, Z., Nagy, P., Járay, J., & Lengyel, G. (2007). Hepatitis C-vírus kiújulása májátültetés után. Orvosi hetilap, 148(42), 1971-1979. https://doi.org/10.1556/OH.2007.28176