The reaction of triphenylmethyl halides with tributylphosphine and tributylamine in apolar solvents

Péter Huszthy, Gyöngyi Izsó, Károly Lempert, Mária Kajtár-Peredy, Miklós Györ, Antal Rockenbauer, József Tamás

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Triphenylmethyl bromide (1a) and chloride (1b) react with tributylphosphine and tributylamine in aromatic hydrocarbons by single electron transfer. The triphenylmethyl radicals produced (which may be detected by e.s.r. spectroscopy) abstract hydrogen from the solvent or the radical cations of the reagents to give triphenylmethane (1c), and are trapped by oxygen to give triphenylmethylperoxy radicals and subsequently [via triphenylmethyl hydroperoxide (1e)] benzophenone, triphenylmethanol (1d), and phenol. Tributylphosphine and tributylamine may act as hydrogen donors in the hydrogen-transfer processes involved in the formation of these oxygenation products. The halides (1a, b) and tributylphosphine furnish, in the absence of oxygen, in addition to triphenylmethane (1c) the tele substitution products (2a) and (2b), respectively. There is some evidence that the phosphonium salt (2a) is formed by an SET' process, i.e. out-of-cage recombination of triphenylmethyl radicals and tributylphosphine radical cations or tributylphosphine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1513-1520
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1989


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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