Triphenylmethyl bromide (1a) and chloride (1b) react with tributylphosphine and tributylamine in aromatic hydrocarbons by single electron transfer. The triphenylmethyl radicals produced (which may be detected by e.s.r. spectroscopy) abstract hydrogen from the solvent or the radical cations of the reagents to give triphenylmethane (1c), and are trapped by oxygen to give triphenylmethylperoxy radicals and subsequently [via triphenylmethyl hydroperoxide (1e)] benzophenone, triphenylmethanol (1d), and phenol. Tributylphosphine and tributylamine may act as hydrogen donors in the hydrogen-transfer processes involved in the formation of these oxygenation products. The halides (1a, b) and tributylphosphine furnish, in the absence of oxygen, in addition to triphenylmethane (1c) the tele substitution products (2a) and (2b), respectively. There is some evidence that the phosphonium salt (2a) is formed by an SET' process, i.e. out-of-cage recombination of triphenylmethyl radicals and tributylphosphine radical cations or tributylphosphine.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1989|
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