The reaction of triphenylmethyl bromide with potassium O-ethyl dithiocarbonate (potassium xanthate) in benzene and cumene. A note of caution on the application of the radical trap dicyclohexylphosphine as a probe for electron-transfer-initiated reactions of triphenylmethyl halides

Péter Huszthy, Gyöngyi Izsó, Károly Lempert, Miklós Györ, Antal Rockenbauer

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Abstract

The title reaction was studied under conditions where homolysis of the triphenylmethyl-to-sulphur bond of the dithiocarbonate 1d, its main product does not take place, or is negligible. Triphenylmethane 1c, triphenylmethanol 1g and benzophenone were obtained as further products under argon in cumene and in the presence of oxygen in benzene, respectively. This, together with ESR studies, indicates that part of the dithiocarbonate 1d results from single-electron transfer from O-ethyl dithiocarbonate anion to triphenylmethyl bromide 1a and out-of-cage recombination of triphenylmethyl and xanthyl radicals 6a. The main pathways leading to dithiocarbonate 1d appear, under the conditions studied, to be either a polar pathway consisting of two successive SN2′- type steps [mechanism 2, Scheme 3] and/or an SET-type reaction [mechanism 3, Scheme 3] with rapid in-cage recombination of triphenylmethyl and xanthyl radicals 6a. The hydrogen-atom donor dicyclohexylphosphine (DCPH) may not be used for trapping of the triphenylmethyl radicals formed in the title reaction because DCPH acts as a single-electron donor towards bromide 1a, i.e. it itself generates triphenylmethyl radicals from the bromide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2009-2015
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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