The rapid outbursting star GM CEP: An EXor in Tr 37?

Aurora Sicilia-Aguilar, Bruno Merín, Felix Hormuth, Péter Ábrahám, Thomas Henning, Kun Maria, Nimesh Patel, Attila Juhász, Wolfgang Brandner, Lee W. Hartmann, Szilárd Csizmadia, Attila Moor

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present optical, IR, and millimeter observations of the solar-type star 13-277, also known as GM Cep, in the 4 Myr old cluster Tr 37. GM Cep experiences rapid magnitude variations of more than 2 mag at optical wavelengths. We explore the causes of the variability, which seem to be dominated by strong increases in the accretion, being similar to EXor episodes. The star shows high, variable accretion rates (up to ∼10-6 M yr _1) and signs of powerful winds, and it is a very fast rotator (V sin i ∼ 43 km s_1). Its strong mid-IR excesses reveal a very flared disk and/or a remnant envelope, most likely out of hydrostatic equilibrium. The 1.3 mm fluxes suggest a relatively massive disk (MD ∼ 0.1 M ). Nevertheless, the millimeter mass is not enough to sustain increased accretion episodes over large timescales, unless the mass is underestimated due to significant grain growth. We finally explore the possibility of GM Cep having a binary companion, which could trigger disk instabilities producing the enhanced accretion episodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-399
Number of pages18
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume673
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 20 2008

Keywords

  • Accretion, accretion disks
  • Stars: individual (GM Cephei, 13-277)
  • Stars: pre-main-sequence
  • Stars: variables: other 400-410

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Sicilia-Aguilar, A., Merín, B., Hormuth, F., Ábrahám, P., Henning, T., Maria, K., Patel, N., Juhász, A., Brandner, W., Hartmann, L. W., Csizmadia, S., & Moor, A. (2008). The rapid outbursting star GM CEP: An EXor in Tr 37? Astrophysical Journal, 673(1), 382-399. https://doi.org/10.1086/524055