The psychometrics of the European Portuguese version of the temperament and character inventory- revised

Paulo A.S. Moreira, Claude Robert Cloninger, Maria José Rocha, João Tiago Oliveira, Noémia Ferreira, Daniel Maffasioli Gonçalves, S. Rózsa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cloninger’s psychobiological model of personality integrates contributions from behavioral genetics, neurobiology, and psychology in the description of the human personality. The temperament and character inventory (TCI) is its assessment instrument. The Brazilian Portuguese version of the TCI has shown good psychometric properties. However, Portuguese spoken in Brazil presents marked and substantial differences to that spoken in Portugal, and no study has yet described the psychometrics of the European Portuguese version. The objective of this study was thus to describe the psychometric properties of the European Portuguese adult version of the TCI (the temperament and character inventory-revised (TCI-R)). This study involved 1400 Portuguese adult participants. The factorial structure of the European Portuguese version was tested using four methods: exploratory factor analysis, orthogonal procrustes rotation analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and exploratory structural equation modeling. The integration of data coming from these methods suggested that the Portuguese version of the TCI-R presented good structural validity (as revealed by the emergence of the temperament and character structures predicted by theory) and high levels of congruence between the American and the Portuguese versions. An improvement in the goodness of fit of the models for the Portuguese population was achieved by using exploratory structural equation modeling over confirmatory factor analysis. Although some facets registered questionable consistency, all dimensions had acceptable to good consistency (all ≥.79). These results confirm the validity of the Portuguese TCI-R and its adequacy for use in European Portuguese samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1178-1199
Number of pages22
JournalPsychological Reports
Volume120
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

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Temperament
Psychometrics
Equipment and Supplies
Statistical Factor Analysis
Personality
Behavioral Genetics
Portugal
Neurobiology
Reproducibility of Results
Brazil
Psychology
Population

Keywords

  • Personality
  • Portuguese
  • Psychobiological
  • Psychometric properties
  • Temperament and character inventory-revised

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Moreira, P. A. S., Cloninger, C. R., Rocha, M. J., Oliveira, J. T., Ferreira, N., Gonçalves, D. M., & Rózsa, S. (2017). The psychometrics of the European Portuguese version of the temperament and character inventory- revised. Psychological Reports, 120(6), 1178-1199. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294117711914

The psychometrics of the European Portuguese version of the temperament and character inventory- revised. / Moreira, Paulo A.S.; Cloninger, Claude Robert; Rocha, Maria José; Oliveira, João Tiago; Ferreira, Noémia; Gonçalves, Daniel Maffasioli; Rózsa, S.

In: Psychological Reports, Vol. 120, No. 6, 01.12.2017, p. 1178-1199.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moreira, PAS, Cloninger, CR, Rocha, MJ, Oliveira, JT, Ferreira, N, Gonçalves, DM & Rózsa, S 2017, 'The psychometrics of the European Portuguese version of the temperament and character inventory- revised', Psychological Reports, vol. 120, no. 6, pp. 1178-1199. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294117711914
Moreira PAS, Cloninger CR, Rocha MJ, Oliveira JT, Ferreira N, Gonçalves DM et al. The psychometrics of the European Portuguese version of the temperament and character inventory- revised. Psychological Reports. 2017 Dec 1;120(6):1178-1199. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294117711914
Moreira, Paulo A.S. ; Cloninger, Claude Robert ; Rocha, Maria José ; Oliveira, João Tiago ; Ferreira, Noémia ; Gonçalves, Daniel Maffasioli ; Rózsa, S. / The psychometrics of the European Portuguese version of the temperament and character inventory- revised. In: Psychological Reports. 2017 ; Vol. 120, No. 6. pp. 1178-1199.
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